Rasona(Allium sativum)

Basonym of Drug

The medicinal plant Rasona, known by its botanical name Allium sativum, stands as a testament to nature’s healing potential.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Rasona has journeyed through time with a plethora of Sanskrit synonyms, each capturing its remarkable attributes. Some primary Sanskrit synonyms of Rasona include:

  1. Rasona: The primary name “Rasona” signifies the essence of the herb. It is derived from the Sanskrit root “Ras,” which means taste or essence. This synonym highlights Rasona’s aromatic and flavorful nature, reflecting its pungent and distinctive taste.

  2. Lashuna: The term “Lashuna” is derived from the Sanskrit word “Lush,” meaning to damage or destroy. This name suggests the potent properties of Rasona, including its ability to combat infections, parasites, and imbalances in the body.

  3. Ugragandha: “Ugragandha” is a compound term where “Ugra” means intense or strong, and “Gandha” translates to smell or odor. This synonym emphasizes Rasona’s strong and pungent aroma, indicative of its sulfur-rich compounds with potential health benefits.

  4. Mahaushadha: “Mahaushadha” translates to “great medicine.” This synonym underscores the historical and medicinal significance of Rasona in traditional practices, where it is considered a valuable herb for various health concerns.

  5. Yavaneshta: “Yavaneshta” refers to an herb that is esteemed by Greeks or foreigners. This synonym highlights Rasona’s recognition and appreciation beyond its native regions, showcasing its global reputation for both culinary and medicinal purposes.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Rasona’s prominence is encapsulated through its vernacular names across regions. Some regional names for Rasona are:

  • Hindi: Lahsun
  • English: Garlic
  • Bengali: Rasun
  • Marathi: Lasun
  • Tamil: Vellaippundu
  • Telugu: Velluli
  • Kannada: Bellulli

Scientific Classification of Dravya

Rasona belongs to the following scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  • Clade: Angiosperms (Flowering plants)
  • Clade: Monocots
  • Order: Asparagales
  • Family: Liliaceae
  • Genus: Allium
  • Species: sativum

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Harita varga

External Morphology

Rasona stands as a bulbous herb that adorns gardens and kitchens alike. It boasts linear leaves, umbrella-shaped flower clusters, and, of course, the distinctive garlic bulbs.

Useful Parts

The bulb of Rasona is the vital part harnessed for its medicinal prowess. This bulb is harvested, processed, and used in various traditional formulations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Rasona derives its remarkable health benefits from an array of phytoconstituents that synergistically contribute to its therapeutic potential. Some key phytoconstituents present in Rasona include:

  1. Allicin: Renowned for its antimicrobial and heart-protective properties.
  2. Sulfur Compounds: These compounds contribute to Rasona’s pungent aroma and numerous health benefits.
  3. Flavonoids: Known for their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.
  4. Vitamins and Minerals: Rasona contains vitamins such as vitamin C and minerals like selenium, both essential for overall health.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): “Madhura” (Sweet), Lavana (Salt), “Tikta” (Bitter), “Katu” (Pungent), “Kashaya” (Astringent)

Guna (Property): “Snigdha” (Unctuous), “Guru” (Heavy), “Teekshna” (Penetrating)

Veerya (Potency): “Ushna” (Hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): “Katu” (Pungent)

Prabhava: Rasona’s unique efficacy or “Prabhava” lies in its ability to promote overall health and address a wide range of health concerns.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Rasona primarily balances the “Kapha” dosha, and its warming nature can also help balance excess “Vata” dosha.Its excess use increases “Pitta” dosha.

Dhatu: The primary action of Rasona is on the “Rakta” dhatu (blood tissue) and “Meda” dhatu (fat tissue), potentially supporting blood purification and healthy metabolism.

Mala: Rasona’s digestive and detoxifying properties can help regulate “Mala” (waste products) and support healthy elimination.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Rasona is indicated for a diverse range of health conditions, including but not limited to:

  1. Cardiovascular Health: Rasona is revered for its potential to support cardiovascular health. It is believed to help regulate cholesterol levels, reducing “bad” LDL cholesterol while promoting “good” HDL cholesterol. Its vasodilatory effects may enhance blood circulation, contributing to overall heart health.

  2. Immune System Support: Rasona is known for its immune-boosting properties. It stimulates immune cells and promotes the body’s defense mechanisms against infections. Regular consumption of Rasona is thought to enhance the body’s ability to fight off various illnesses.

  3. Digestive Wellness: Rasona’s digestive benefits are well-established. It aids in stimulating digestive enzymes, promoting better digestion, and reducing gastric discomfort. Its detoxifying properties might help eliminate toxins from the digestive tract, contributing to improved gut health.

  4. Respiratory Health: Rasona’s antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties make it beneficial for respiratory health. It might help alleviate symptoms of respiratory discomfort, such as congestion and cough, by supporting the body’s natural defense mechanisms.

  5. Joint Health: The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant attributes of Rasona make it valuable for managing joint pain and inflammation, particularly in conditions like arthritis. It might help reduce swelling and discomfort in joints.

  6. Blood Sugar Regulation: Rasona has been studied for its potential to assist in blood sugar regulation. It may enhance insulin sensitivity, helping manage blood sugar levels. This makes it promising for individuals with diabetes or those at risk.

  7. Antimicrobial Action: Rasona’s antimicrobial and antibacterial properties give it a role in managing infections. It is believed to have an inhibitory effect on various pathogens, contributing to overall immune defense.

  8. Circulatory Health: Rasona’s potential to improve blood circulation can positively impact overall circulatory health. Improved blood flow supports the transportation of nutrients and oxygen to various parts of the body.

  9. Detoxification: Rasona’s detoxifying properties aid in eliminating toxins from the body. This detoxification process might contribute to improved overall health and vitality.

  10. Skin Health: Its antioxidant properties could potentially contribute to maintaining healthy skin by combating oxidative stress. It might also assist in managing skin conditions due to its antimicrobial attributes.

  11. Metabolic Support: Rasona’s ability to enhance metabolism might aid in weight management and maintaining healthy energy levels.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Rasona can be administered in various forms, each with specific therapeutic benefits. Dosage may vary based on age, constitution, and the condition being treated. Common forms of Rasona administration include:

  1. Raw: Consuming 1-2 cloves of raw Rasona daily on an empty stomach.
  2. Cooked: Including Rasona in cooking, as it imparts flavor and potential health benefits.
  3. Decoction: Preparing a decoction using Rasona and consuming it in moderation.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Rasona is a key ingredient in several Ayurvedic formulations. Some notable formulations containing Rasona are:

  1. Rasonadi Churna: A powdered blend used for digestive enhancement and promoting overall well-being.
  2. Maharasnadi Kwath: A formulation beneficial for joint health and alleviating discomfort.
  3. Lashunadi Vati: A tablet formulation containing Rasona, used for digestive and respiratory support.
  4. Kottam chukkadi Tailam: Useful in Aamvata, Vata-roga.
  5. Lashunadi Ghrita: A medicated ghrita, useful in Gulma and Vata-roga.
  6. Hingu triguna Taila: Useful in Gulma, Udara, Antra-vriddhi.
  7. Vishatinduk Taila: Useful in Vatarakta, Kushta, supta vataroga.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When consumed in moderate amounts as a culinary herb, Rasona is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive consumption might lead to:

  1. Digestive Discomfort: Overconsumption can cause digestive upset and heartburn in some individuals.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects due to Rasona consumption, consider these measures:

  1. Reduce Dosage: If digestive discomfort occurs, decrease the dosage or temporarily discontinue use.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Rasona does not usually require shodhana (purification) before use, as it is commonly consumed as a culinary herb. However, cleaning and peeling the cloves are important to ensure hygiene and minimize potential adverse effects.


Rasona, scientifically known as Allium sativum, stands as a remarkable example of nature’s healing potential. Its attributes, outlined in its Rasa Panchaka, therapeutic indications, and potential formulations, underscore its significance in Ayurvedic practices and culinary traditions. As with any herb, it’s essential to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner before incorporating Rasona into your health regimen, particularly if you have existing health conditions or are taking medications. This article provides insights into the multifaceted nature of Rasona and its potential benefits for overall health and wellness.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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