Rasna(Pluchea lanceolata)

Basonym of Drug

Rasna, the potent medicinal herb, is scientifically known as Pluchea lanceolata. This botanical name serves as the foundation of its identification in botanical literature.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Rasna has traversed time with various Sanskrit synonyms that encapsulate its therapeutic essence. Some primary Sanskrit synonyms of Rasna include:

  1. Rasna: The primary name itself signifies the plant’s significance. “Rasna” translates to “extractor of essence,” highlighting its potential to extract therapeutic essence and benefits.

  2. Agnijara: The term “Agnijara” is composed of two Sanskrit words – “Agni” meaning fire and “Jara” meaning aging or decay. This synonym emphasizes Rasna’s potential to alleviate conditions associated with inflammation and aging, potentially due to its anti-inflammatory properties.

  3. Sugandhi/Surabhi/Gandhanakuli/Gandhamoola: “Sugandhi” translates to “fragrant” or “aromatic.” This name underscores Rasna’s aromatic nature, which might be linked to its volatile oils and potential aromatic benefits.

  4. Vira: “Vira” signifies a hero or a brave one. This synonym might suggest Rasna’s potential to provide strength and support to the body, aligning with its historical use in promoting overall well-being.

  5. Dardurika: “Dardurika” refers to a specific type of pain or discomfort. This synonym highlights Rasna’s use in managing various painful conditions, potentially indicating its analgesic properties.

  6. Elaparni: Its leaf resembles with leaf of cardamom.
  7. Nakuli: It is liked by Mangoose.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

The significance of Rasna is conveyed through its vernacular names across regions. Some regional names for Rasna are:

  • Hindi: Rasna
  • English: Indian Winter Green
  • Bengali: Rasna
  • Marathi: Rasna
  • Tamil: Rasna
  • Telugu: Rasna
  • Kannada: Rasana

Scientific Classification of Dravya

Rasna belongs to the following scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  • Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)
  • Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
  • Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
  • Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
  • Order: Asterales
  • Family: Asteraceae 
  • Genus: Pluchea
  • Species: lanceolata

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Anuvasanopaga, Vayasthapana

Sushruta Samhita: Arkadi Gana, Shleshma-samshamana

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Haritakyadi Varga 

External Morphology

Rasna stands as a perennial herbaceous plant with a distinguished appearance. It boasts lance-shaped leaves, small flowers, and a robust root system.

Useful Parts

The root of Rasna is the pivotal component harnessed for its medicinal attributes. It is harvested, cleaned, and processed to create various Ayurvedic formulations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Rasna derives its potent effects from an array of phytoconstituents that synergistically contribute to its therapeutic potential. Some vital phytoconstituents present in Rasna include:

  1. Volatile Oils: These contribute to its aromatic nature and potential benefits.
  2. Saponins: Known for their immune-modulatory and anti-inflammatory properties.
  3. Alkaloids: Certain alkaloids are believed to support Rasna’s medicinal actions.
  4. Triterpenoids: These compounds hold antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential.
  5. Phenolic Compounds: With potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Rasna is characterized by the “Tikta” or bitter taste.

Guna (Property): The primary quality (Guna) associated with Rasna is “Guru” (heavy).

Veerya (Potency): It exhibits “Ushna” or hot potency.

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Rasna has a “Katu” or pungent post-digestive effect.

Prabhava: Rasna is renowned for its unique efficacy or “Prabhava” in alleviating pain and inflammation.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Rasna primarily balances the “Vata” and “Kapha” doshas due to its warming and drying properties.

Dhatu: The primary action of Rasna is on the “Mamsa” dhatu (muscle tissue) and “Asthi” dhatu (bone tissue), potentially supporting musculoskeletal health.

Mala: Rasna’s mild purgative property aids in promoting regular bowel movements and the elimination of waste products (mala).

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Rasna is indicated for a range of health conditions, including but not limited to:

  1. Musculoskeletal Disorders: Rasna is highly valued for its efficacy in managing musculoskeletal disorders. Its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties make it particularly useful in conditions like arthritis, rheumatism, gout, and joint pain. It is believed to reduce swelling, alleviate pain, and improve joint mobility.

  2. Joint Pain: Rasna’s ability to pacify both Vata and Kapha doshas makes it a valuable herb for alleviating joint pain. It is often used in formulations to target specific joint-related discomfort, including stiffness and reduced flexibility.

  3. Backache: Rasna’s anti-inflammatory effects extend to managing backache, making it a popular choice in Ayurvedic remedies for addressing lower back pain and discomfort.

  4. Sprains and Strains: Due to its potential to alleviate inflammation and pain, Rasna is often used in topical applications and formulations to address sprains, strains, and muscular injuries.

  5. Arthritis: Rasna’s ability to modulate inflammatory responses makes it beneficial for managing various forms of arthritis, including osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. It can help reduce pain, swelling, and stiffness associated with these conditions.

  6. Digestive Issues: Rasna’s mild purgative property contributes to its use in managing digestive concerns. It can support regular bowel movements and help alleviate conditions like constipation and indigestion.

  7. Fever: Rasna’s potential fever-reducing properties make it a supportive herb in managing fevers, particularly when they are accompanied by inflammatory symptoms.

  8. Respiratory Discomfort: Rasna’s anti-inflammatory attributes may extend to alleviating respiratory discomfort. It might be used to manage conditions like bronchitis, cough, and congestion.

  9. Skin Disorders: Rasna’s detoxifying properties can be beneficial for certain skin disorders, helping in the removal of toxins from the body. It may be used in formulations aimed at promoting healthy skin.

  10. Women’s Health: Rasna might play a role in managing gynecological concerns, as its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties could help address menstrual discomfort and related issues.

  11. Nervous System Support: Rasna’s ability to balance Vata dosha might contribute to its use in supporting nervous system health, potentially aiding in conditions like neuropathy.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Rasna can be administered in various forms, tailored to address specific health concerns. Dosage may vary based on age, body constitution, and the condition being treated. Common forms of Rasna administration include:

  1. Powder: Consume 2-5 grams of Rasna powder, preferably with warm water or honey.
  2. Decoction: Prepare a decoction using Rasna root and consume 30-50 ml twice a day.
  3. Oil: Rasna oil can be used externally for massage to alleviate joint and muscle pain.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Rasna is often included in various Ayurvedic formulations. Some notable formulations containing Rasna are:

  1. Rasnadi Kwath: A decoction containing Rasna and other herbs, used to alleviate joint pain and inflammation.
  2. Rasnadi Churna: A powdered blend of Rasna and other herbs, effective in managing musculoskeletal disorders.
  3. Maharasnadi Kwath: A potent concoction of Rasna and other herbs, renowned for its efficacy in relieving joint stiffness and pain.
  4. Mahanarayana Taila: A medicated oil infused with Rasna and other herbs, widely employed for soothing joint and muscle discomfort.
  5. Rasnasaptakam Kwath: A herbal preparation containing Rasna, targeting joint-related concerns and promoting flexibility.
  6. Sahacharadi Kwath: A formulation that includes Rasna, beneficial for addressing nerve-related pains and improving mobility.
  7. Rasnasapthakam Kashayam: An Ayurvedic decoction with Rasna, recommended for managing joint inflammation and associated discomfort.
  8. Yogaraja Guggulu: A Rasna-based tablet, commonly used to support joint health and alleviate rheumatic conditions.
  9. Rasnadi Guggulu: It works in alleviating muscular, joint, arthritis, or nerve pain.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When taken within recommended dosages and under professional guidance, Rasna is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive use might lead to:

  1. Dryness: High doses might cause excessive dryness, leading to discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects due to Rasna consumption, consider these measures:

  1. Reduce Dosage: If excessive dryness or discomfort occurs, decrease the dosage or discontinue use.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Rasna usually does not require shodhana (purification) before use, as it is well-tolerated in its natural form. However, ensure appropriate cleaning and processing techniques during preparation.


Rasna, the revered Pluchea lanceolata, showcases the depth of Ayurveda’s wisdom in utilizing nature’s healing resources. Its attributes, outlined in its Rasa Panchaka, therapeutic indications, and potential formulations, underscore its significance in holistic well-being. However, personalized guidance from a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner is essential before integrating Rasna into your health regimen. This article offers a glimpse into the world of Rasna, providing insights into its multifaceted nature and potential benefits for overall health.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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