Pushkarmoola(Inula racemosa)

Basonym of Drug

The medicinal plant Pushkarmoola is commonly known by its botanical name, Inula racemosa. This name is widely recognized and used in botanical literature and research.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

In the world of Ayurveda, Pushkarmoola goes by various Sanskrit synonyms, each capturing its unique qualities and therapeutic applications. Some primary Sanskrit synonyms of Pushkarmoola include:

  1. Pushkarmoola: Pushkarmoola is the primary name for this herb, often used to refer to its root.

  2. Pushkara: The term “Pushkara” can be broken down as “Pushkara” (lotus) + “Moola” (root). This synonym emphasizes the root’s potential benefits and qualities, relating them to the auspicious and rejuvenating qualities often associated with lotuses in Indian culture.

  3. Dronapushpi: “Dronapushpi” combines “Drona” (pot) + “Pushpi” (a type of herb). This synonym suggests that the herb’s potency and properties are concentrated like the contents of a pot, possibly indicating its concentrated therapeutic effects.

  4. Gajapushpi: “Gajapushpi” breaks down as “Gaja” (elephant) + “Pushpi” (a type of herb). This name could imply that the herb possesses the strength and vitality of an elephant, highlighting its potential to enhance vigor and vitality.

  5. Kashmira: This plant grows abundantly in Kashmir region.
  6. Padmapatra: Its leaves resembles that of Lotus. 

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Pushkarmoola is referred to by diverse vernacular names across different regions, reflecting its widespread use and cultural significance. Some regional names for Pushkarmoola are:

  • Hindi: Pushkarmool
  • English: Indian Elecampane
  • Bengali: Pushkar Mool
  • Marathi: Pushkarmool
  • Tamil: Sannappu Mooligai
  • Telugu: Kukkapuspa
  • Kannada: Pushkaraha

Scientific Classification of Dravya

Pushkarmoola belongs to the following scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  • Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)
  • Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
  • Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
  • Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons)
  • Order: Asterales
  • Family: Asteraceae (Compositae)
  • Genus: Inula
  • Species: racemosa

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Hikkanigrahana, Shwasahara

Sushruta Samhita: Phala Varga

Vagbhata: Hidhma-nigrahana

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Haritakyadi Varga 

External Morphology

Pushkarmoola is a perennial herb known for its robust growth and distinctive appearance. It features large leaves, attractive yellow flowers, and a well-developed root system.

Useful Parts

The root of Pushkarmoola is the primary part utilized for its medicinal properties. The root is collected, cleaned, and processed for various Ayurvedic formulations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Pushkarmoola contains a variety of important phytoconstituents that contribute to its therapeutic efficacy. Some significant phytoconstituents found in Pushkarmoola include:

  1. Sesquiterpene Lactones: These compounds possess anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties.
  2. Alkaloids: Certain alkaloids found in Pushkarmoola are believed to contribute to its medicinal effects.
  3. Polysaccharides: These complex carbohydrates are known for their immune-enhancing properties.
  4. Saponins: Saponins have diverse health benefits, including potential antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): “Tikta” (Bitter), “Katu” (Pungent)

Guna (Property): “Laghu” (lightness), “Teekshna” (Penetrating)

Veerya (Potency): “Ushna” (hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): “Katu” (pungent) 

Prabhava: Pushkarmoola is renowned for its unique efficacy or “Prabhava” in addressing respiratory and bronchial disorders.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Pushkarmoola primarily balances the “Kapha” and “Vata” doshas due to its drying and warming properties, which help counteract excess mucus and cold.

Dhatu: The primary action of Pushkarmoola is on the “Rasa” dhatu (plasma) and “Rakta” dhatu (blood tissue), enhancing their quality and supporting respiratory health.

Mala: Pushkarmoola’s stimulating nature aids in promoting regular bowel movements and supporting the elimination of waste products (mala).

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Pushkarmoola is indicated for a range of health conditions, including but not limited to:

  1. Respiratory Disorders: Pushkarmoola is often used to address respiratory issues. It may be employed in conditions like bronchitis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to its expectorant and bronchodilator properties. It helps to clear congestion, reduce inflammation, and ease breathing difficulties.

  2. Digestive Disturbances: This herb can be used for digestive complaints such as indigestion, flatulence, and bloating. Its carminative and digestive properties can help stimulate digestion, alleviate gas, and improve overall digestive function.

  3. Joint and Muscular Disorders: Pushkarmoola’s anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties make it valuable for managing joint pain, inflammation, and muscular discomfort. It might be employed in conditions like arthritis, gout, and muscle spasms.

  4. Urinary System Support: It is used to promote urinary health and treat urinary tract infections. Its diuretic properties can aid in flushing out toxins from the urinary system and may help alleviate urinary discomfort.

  5. Menstrual Disorders: Pushkarmoola can be used in managing menstrual irregularities, dysmenorrhea (painful periods), and other menstrual-related issues. Its uterine tonic and analgesic properties may help ease menstrual cramps and regulate menstrual cycles.

  6. Cardiovascular Health: Pushkarmoola might have potential benefits for the cardiovascular system. Its hypotensive and cardio-protective properties could be useful in managing mild hypertension and supporting heart health.

  7. Nervous System Support: Due to its nervine and calming properties, Pushkarmoola can be employed to soothe the nervous system. It may aid in managing stress, anxiety, and nervous tension.

  8. General Tonic and Rejuvenative: Pushkarmoola is considered a general tonic and rejuvenative herb. It may help improve overall vitality, boost immunity, and promote overall well-being.

  9. Fever and Infections: Pushkarmoola’s antipyretic (fever-reducing) properties make it potentially useful in managing fevers associated with various infections.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Pushkarmoola can be administered in various forms, depending on the health concern. The dosages can vary based on age, body constitution, and specific conditions. Common forms of Pushkarmoola administration include:

  1. Powder: Consume 1-3 grams of Pushkarmoola powder, often mixed with honey or warm water.
  2. Decoction: Prepare a decoction using Pushkarmoola root and consume 30-50 ml twice a day.
  3. Tablet/Capsule: Take Pushkarmoola tablets or capsules as per the healthcare provider’s guidance.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Pushkarmoola is frequently incorporated into various Ayurvedic formulations. Some notable formulations containing Pushkarmoola are:

  1. Pushkarmooladi Kwath: A decoction used for managing respiratory disorders and promoting lung health.
  2. Panchatikta Kashaya: A powdered blend used for fever and digestion.
  3. Shwasahara Kashaya: A formulation beneficial for respiratory issues, particularly cough,asthma.
  4. Arimedadi Thailam: A formulation beneficial for dental and gum problems.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

Pushkarmoola, when taken within recommended dosages and under professional guidance, is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive use might lead to:

  1. Dryness: High doses might cause excessive dryness, leading to discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects due to Pushkarmoola consumption, consider these measures:

  1. Reduce Dosage: If excessive dryness or discomfort occurs, decrease the dosage or discontinue use.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Pushkarmoola usually does not require shodhana (purification) before use, as it is typically well-tolerated in its natural form. However, ensure appropriate cleaning and processing techniques during preparation.


Pushkarmoola, the revered Inula racemosa, stands as a testament to Ayurveda’s profound understanding of natural remedies. Its attributes, as outlined in its Rasa Panchaka, therapeutic indications, and potential formulations, highlight its significance in holistic health. However, for personalized guidance, it’s essential to consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner before incorporating Pushkarmoola into your health regimen. This article provides a glimpse into the world of Pushkarmoola, offering insights into its multifaceted nature and potential benefits for well-being.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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