Rohitaka(Tecomella undulata)

Basonym of Drug

The medicinal plant Rohitaka, known by its botanical name Tecomella undulata, holds a treasure trove of therapeutic possibilities.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Rohitaka’s significance is encapsulated by a spectrum of Sanskrit synonyms, each resonating with its distinct attributes. Some primary Sanskrit synonyms of Rohitaka include:

  1. Kushalmali/Kuta shalmali: Inferior variety of Shalmali plant.
  2. Raktaghna: Useful in Blood disorders.
  3. Tamrapushpa/Lohitapushpa/Raktapushpa: It has red coloured flowers.
  4. Varatikta: It is one of the best Tikta dravya.
  5. Plihaghna: Useful in Pleeha vikaras.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Rohitaka’s presence is felt across regions through its vernacular names. Some regional names for Rohitaka are:

  • Hindi: Rohida, Rohira
  • English: Desert Teak
  • Marathi: Rohida
  • Gujarati: Rohido
  • Tamil: Marungulam
  • Telugu: Marri chettu
  • Kannada: Dodda Mathi

Scientific Classification of Dravya

Rohitaka finds its place within the scientific classification as follows:

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  • Clade: Angiosperms (Flowering plants)
  • Clade: Eudicots
  • Clade: Rosids
  • Order: Sapindales
  • Family: Bignoniaceae
  • Genus: Tecomella
  • Species: undulata

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Vatadi varga

Kaiyadeva nighantu : aushadhi varga.

Raja nighantu : shalmalyadi varga

External Morphology

Rohitaka stands as a deciduous tree adorned with clusters of beautiful trumpet-shaped flowers. Its bark is characterized by its distinctive peeling nature, revealing a smooth and often reddish inner layer.

Useful Parts

Various parts of Rohitaka are harnessed for their medicinal value, including the bark, roots.

Important Phytoconstituents

Rohitaka owes its therapeutic potential to a diverse range of phytoconstituents. Some vital phytoconstituents present in Rohitaka include:

  1. Quinones: These compounds contribute to Rohitaka’s potential as an antioxidant, supporting overall health.
  2. Triterpenoids: With anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, triterpenoids are key to Rohitaka’s role in managing pain and inflammation.
  3. Saponins: These compounds offer potential benefits for cardiovascular health and immunity.

Rohitaka (Tecomella undulata): Unveiling its Therapeutic Attributes

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): “Katu” (pungent), “Tikta” (bitter), “Kashaya” (astringent)

Guna (Property): “Laghu” (lightness), “Ruksha” (dryness)

Veerya (Potency): “Sheeta” (cold)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): “Katu” (pungent) 

Prabhava: Rohitaka’s unique efficacy or “Prabhava” lies in its potential to pacify imbalanced doshas and support various health concerns.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Rohitaka’s primary action is on the “Kapha” dosha, helping to balance its excess. It also has a secondary action on “Pitta” dosha.

Dhatu: The primary action of Rohitaka is on the “Rakta” dhatu (blood tissue), where it might support blood purification and overall blood health.

Mala: Rohitaka’s ability to balance “Kapha” dosha may contribute to supporting healthy mala (waste products) elimination and maintaining overall gut health.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Rohitaka is indicated for a variety of health conditions, including but not limited to:

  1. Skin Disorders: Rohitaka’s astringent taste and potential to balance Kapha dosha make it beneficial for managing various skin disorders. It may help address conditions like acne, eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis. The herb’s detoxifying properties might assist in purifying the blood and promoting healthy skin.

  2. Liver Disorders: Rohitaka’s potential to support detoxification processes in the body can be advantageous for managing liver disorders. It might aid in promoting liver health by assisting the elimination of toxins and promoting the efficient functioning of the liver.

  3. Fever: Rohitaka’s febrifuge properties make it valuable in managing fever. Its ability to balance doshas and enhance the body’s natural defense mechanisms can contribute to reducing fever and associated symptoms.

  4. Gastrointestinal Disorders: The astringent taste of Rohitaka could be useful in managing gastrointestinal disorders, particularly those involving excess Kapha dosha. It may help regulate bowel movements and promote digestive wellness.

  5. Respiratory Disorders: Rohitaka’s potential to balance Kapha dosha might assist in managing respiratory disorders characterized by excess mucus and congestion. It could be helpful in conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and common colds.

  6. Anti-inflammatory Action: Rohitaka’s anti-inflammatory properties make it beneficial for managing various inflammatory conditions. Its ability to pacify Kapha dosha might contribute to reducing inflammation and associated discomfort.

  7. Digestive Issues: Rohitaka’s astringent and Kapha-balancing properties can aid in managing digestive issues like diarrhea. It might help regulate bowel movements and restore digestive balance.

  8. Joint Discomfort: The anti-inflammatory and Kapha-balancing attributes of Rohitaka could be useful in managing joint discomfort and inflammation, particularly in conditions like arthritis.

  9. Blood Purification: Rohitaka’s detoxifying properties may help purify the blood and promote overall blood health. This attribute might contribute to managing conditions related to impurities in the blood.

  10. Viral Infections: Its potential immune-boosting and antiviral properties could support the body’s defense mechanisms against viral infections.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Rohitaka can be administered in various forms, each catering to specific therapeutic benefits. Dosage may vary based on age, constitution, and the condition being treated. Common forms of Rohitaka administration include:

  1. Decoction: Preparing a decoction of Rohitaka bark and consuming it in prescribed doses.
  2. Powder: Using powdered Rohitaka bark in recommended doses.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Rohitaka is a key ingredient in several Ayurvedic formulations. Some notable formulations containing Rohitaka are:

  1. Rohitaka Kashaya: A decoction prepared using Rohitaka bark, useful for its Kapha-balancing and detoxifying properties.
  2. Rohitakarishta: A fermented formulation, useful for liver and spleen related problems.
  3. Kalmeghasava: A fermented formulation, useful to treat chronic fever, anaemia, liver and spleen disorders.
  4. Rohitaka Lauha: It is mainly used in the treatment of splenomegaly etc.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When consumed within recommended doses and formulations, Rohitaka is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive consumption might lead to:

  1. Digestive Discomfort: Overconsumption could result in digestive upset and discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects due to Rohitaka consumption, consider these measures:

  1. Reduce Dosage: If digestive discomfort occurs, decrease the dosage or temporarily discontinue use.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Rohitaka generally does not require specific purification methods before use, as it is often used in processed forms such as decoctions or powders.


Rohitaka, scientifically known as Tecomella undulata, exemplifies the symbiotic relationship between nature and well-being. Its attributes, outlined in its Rasa Panchaka, therapeutic indications, and potential formulations, underscore its significance in Ayurvedic practices. As with any medicinal herb, consultation with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner is paramount before integrating Rohitaka into your health regimen. This article provides insights into the intricate nature of Rohitaka and its potential benefits for overall health and wellness.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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