Patala (Stereospermum suaveolens)

Basonym of Drug

The esteemed medicinal plant known as Patala is scientifically classified as Stereospermum suaveolens. This botanical name forms the foundation for its identification and categorization in both scientific and traditional medicinal contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Patala has gained recognition in Ayurveda with a variety of Sanskrit synonyms that reflect its diverse therapeutic attributes. Some prominent Sanskrit synonyms of Patala include:

  1. Patala/Tamrapushpi: Highlighting the plant’s unique name and identity. Its flower is of red colour.
  2. Alivallabha/Madhudhooti: Recognizing its flower’s fragrance attracts bees.
  3. Amogha: Emphasizing its importance as medicine.
  4. Kumbhipushpi: Flower is of pot shape.
  5. Ambuvasini: It grows in marshy places.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Patala’s significance resonates across various regions, as evidenced by its vernacular names in different languages. Some regional names for Patala include:

  • Hindi: Padal, Piyal
  • English: Fragrant Padri Tree
  • Bengali: Padri
  • Marathi: Patala
  • Tamil: Patala Maram
  • Telugu: Patamatti
  • Kannada: Patthada Mara
  • Gujarati: Piyala
  • Malayalam: Padri, Parpatakam

Scientific Classification of Dravya

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Angiosperms 
  • Division (Phylum): Spermatophyta 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Solanales
  • Family: Bignoniaceae
  • Genus: Stereospermum
  • Species: suaveolens

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Shothahara

Sushruta Samhita: Aragwadhadi, Adhobhaghara, Brihat Panchmoola

Vagbhata: Aragwadhadi

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Guduchyadi varga

External Morphology

Patala, a botanical gem, is a deciduous tree with fragrant white flowers. Its leaves are compound, and the tree bears unique fruit capsules. The external appearance of Patala contributes to its distinct identity.

Useful Parts

The Roots,bark, flower, seed, kshara and leaves of the Patala tree are cherished for their therapeutic potential. These parts contain the plant’s medicinal essence and are utilized for various health applications.

Important Phytoconstituents

Patala’s exceptional medicinal properties are attributed to its diverse array of potent phytochemicals. Some significant constituents found in Patala include:

  1. Alkaloids: These compounds play a role in Patala’s therapeutic effects, contributing to its diverse applications.
  2. Flavonoids: Known for their antioxidant properties, flavonoids in Patala contribute to its overall health benefits.
  3. Tannins: Tannins contribute to Patala’s astringent qualities and may also offer antioxidant effects.

Rasa Panchaka: 

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent)

Guna (Property): Ruksha (Dry), Laghu (Dry)

Veerya (Potency): Anushna (Not very hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Katu (Pungent)

Prabhava: Patala’s unique prabhava, or special potency, is a key aspect of its therapeutic influence.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala

Dosha: Patala exerts a harmonizing effect on all three doshas, primarily due to its bitter and astringent tastes. It can help balance excess Kapha-related imbalances, which may manifest as congestion, lethargy, or excessive mucus production.

Dhatu: This medicinal plant has a positive influence on various bodily tissues, especially the plasma (rasa dhatu), blood (rakta dhatu), and muscles (mamsa dhatu).

Mala: Patala’s actions extend to the elimination of waste products (malas), particularly through its mild purgative effect that supports healthy bowel movements.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications)

Patala boasts a range of therapeutic indications, making it a valuable addition to the realm of herbal remedies. Some of its notable applications include:

  1. Respiratory Disorders: Patala’s bitter taste and hot potency lend themselves to addressing respiratory concerns like excessive mucus, congestion, and cough. It can help clear respiratory passages and promote easier breathing.

  2. Digestive Support: The astringent taste of Patala contributes to its ability to support healthy digestion and alleviate issues like indigestion, bloating, and sluggish bowel movements.

  3. Skin Health: Patala’s bitterness and detoxifying properties make it beneficial for managing various skin conditions. It can help address inflammation, itching, and minor skin irritations.

  4. Anti-Inflammatory: Its properties extend to managing inflammatory conditions in the body, making it useful in addressing joint discomfort and mild pain.

  5. Fevers: Patala’s ability to balance excess Kapha and its mild febrifuge properties can contribute to managing certain types of fevers.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose)

Patala is commonly used in the form of decoctions, infusions, or powders. Its therapeutic dose varies based on factors such as individual constitution, the nature of the ailment, and the formulation being used. Generally, a typical dose ranges from 2 to 5 grams of the dried plant material, taken two to three times a day.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations)

Patala finds its way into numerous Ayurvedic formulations, enhancing their efficacy and therapeutic potential. Some significant formulations containing Patala include:

  1. Dashamoola Kwatha: A classic Ayurvedic decoction containing ten roots, including Patala, valued for its overall health benefits.
  2. Dashmoolarishta:A fermented formulation, useful for overall health benefits.
  3. Dhanvantaram Thailam: Useful in arthritis.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects)

When used appropriately and under professional guidance, Patala is generally well-tolerated by most individuals. However, excessive or improper use may lead to digestive discomfort or minor adverse effects. Pregnant and lactating women, as well as those with specific medical conditions, should exercise caution and consult with a healthcare practitioner before using Patala.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures)

In case of any adverse effects or discomfort, it’s advisable to discontinue Patala use and seek guidance from a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. Adjusting the dosage, modifying the formulation, or considering other herbs may help mitigate any issues.

Shodhana (Purification Method)

Patala is not typically subjected to shodhana (purification) methods. However, it’s essential to source high-quality plant material and adhere to proper processing techniques to ensure its safety and efficacy.

As with any herbal remedy, consulting an Ayurvedic healthcare provider is crucial before incorporating Patala into your wellness routine. They can provide personalized guidance, ensuring optimal results and minimizing potential risks.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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