Pashanabheda (Bergenia ligulata)

Basonym of Drug

The esteemed medicinal plant known as Pashanabheda is scientifically classified as Bergenia ligulata. This botanical name serves as the foundation for its identification and categorization in both scientific and traditional medicinal contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Pashanabheda has gained recognition in Ayurveda with a plethora of Sanskrit synonyms that reflect its diverse therapeutic attributes. Some prominent Sanskrit synonyms of Pashanabheda include:

  1. Pashanabheda/Upalabhedaka: Highlighting the plant’s primary property of breaking down stones (pashana) within the body.
  2. Ashmabheda/Shilabheda/Giribheda: Emphasizing its efficacy in shattering urinary calculi (ashmari).
  3. Niruri: Recognizing its ability to dissolve and disintegrate calculi, particularly in the urinary tract.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Pashanabheda’s prominence resonates across various regions, as evidenced by its vernacular names in different languages. Some regional names for Pashanabheda include:

  • Hindi: Patharchatta, Silpatta
  • English: Stone Breaker, Wintergreen
  • Bengali: Patharkuchi
  • Marathi: Pashanabheda, Pashanabhedi
  • Tamil: Sirupilai
  • Telugu: Kolikandu, Gadabusalu
  • Kannada: Kalisalai
  • Gujarati: Pashanabheda
  • Punjabi: Pashanbheda

Scientific Classification of Dravya

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Angiosperms 
  • Division (Phylum): Spermatophyta 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Saxifragales
  • Family: Saxifragaceae
  • Genus: Bergenia
  • Species: ligulata

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Mutravirechaniya

Sushruta Samhita: Viratarvadi

Vagbhata: Viratarvadi

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Haritakyadi varga

External Morphology

Pashanabheda, a botanical marvel, is a perennial herb with large, fleshy leaves and stout rhizomes. It features striking clusters of pink to purplish flowers during its blooming season, adding to its distinct appearance.

Useful Parts

The rhizomes of the Pashanabheda plant are treasured for their therapeutic potential. These underground stems house the plant’s medicinal essence and are commonly used for various health applications.

Important Phytoconstituents

Pashanabheda’s exceptional medicinal properties can be attributed to its array of potent phytochemicals. Some significant constituents found in Pashanabheda include:

  1. Bergenin: A primary bioactive compound known for its anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties.
  2. Flavonoids: These compounds exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, contributing to the plant’s therapeutic potential.
  3. Tannins: Tannins lend Pashanabheda its astringent qualities and play a role in its medicinal applications.

Rasa Panchaka of Pashanabheda:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Kashaya (Astringent), Tikta (Bitter)

Guna (Property): Laghu (Light), Snigdha (Unctuous)

Veerya (Potency): Sheeta (Cold)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Katu (Pungent)

Prabhava: Pashanabheda’s distinctive action

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Pashanabheda primarily balances the “Kapha” dosha due to its astringent taste and drying properties. It also can have an effect on the “Pitta” and “Vata” doshas, aiding in its management.

Dhatu: Pashanabheda predominantly affects the “Mutravaha Srotas” (urinary system), supporting the dissolution of calculi and promoting urinary tract health.

Mala: It facilitates the elimination of malas (excretory waste products) from the body, particularly aiding in the breakdown and expulsion of urinary stones.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Pashanabheda’s unique properties contribute to its therapeutic applications, including:

  1. Urinary Calculi (Ashmari): Its name “Pashanabheda” literally means “stone breaker,” emphasizing its role in managing urinary calculi by breaking down and facilitating the elimination of kidney and bladder stones.

  2. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Pashanabheda’s diuretic and antimicrobial actions make it valuable in managing UTIs, promoting a healthy urinary system.

  3. Renal Colic: It provides relief from the excruciating pain associated with renal colic by helping to dissolve and expel urinary stones.

  4. Prostate Disorders: Pashanabheda supports prostate health by reducing inflammation and promoting healthy urinary function.

  5. Gallstones: Its stone-dissolving properties extend to gallstones, aiding in their breakdown and elimination.

  6. Inflammation: Pashanabheda’s anti-inflammatory effects contribute to managing inflammatory conditions in the urinary and digestive systems.

  7. Diuretic: It increases urine output, aiding in detoxification and maintaining kidney function.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Pashanabheda is administered in various forms, each with specific dosage recommendations:

  1. Decoction: Prepare a decoction by boiling 3-5 grams of Pashanabheda in 240 ml of water until it reduces to 60 ml. Consume once or twice a day.

  2. Powder: Consume 1-3 grams of Pashanabheda powder, mixed with honey or warm water.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Pashanabheda’s therapeutic effects can be enhanced when combined with other herbs in specific formulations. Some noteworthy formulations include:

  1. Pashanabheda Churna: A powdered formulation combining Pashanabheda with other herbs, used for urinary stone management.

  2. Pashanabheda Kwatha: A decoction containing Pashanabheda, beneficial for urinary health.

  3. Ashmarihara Kashaya: A decoction containing Pashanabheda, beneficial for urinary health, treats renal calculi.
  4. Vikkadoshahara Vati: A tablet formulation, used for renal health.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

Pashanabheda is generally well-tolerated when used in recommended doses. Excessive consumption may lead to mild adverse effects like gastric irritation.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

If any adverse effects occur, the following measures can be taken:

  1. Discontinue Use: Cease using Pashanabheda if adverse reactions are experienced.

  2. Consult a Healthcare Professional: If adverse effects persist or worsen, consult an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional for guidance.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Pashanabheda does not require specific purification methods due to its inherent therapeutic nature.

Note: The provided information is for educational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Pashanabheda or any other herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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