Brihati (Solanum indicum)

Basonym of Drug

The remarkable medicinal plant known as Brihati traces its botanical identity to Solanum indicum. This fundamental name serves as the cornerstone for its classification and understanding within the botanical realm.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

In the realm of Ayurveda, Brihati is intertwined with a tapestry of Sanskrit synonyms, each encapsulating its distinctive attributes and therapeutic applications. Some of the primary Sanskrit synonyms for Brihati are:

  1. Brihati/Mahati: The core name, signifying its importance and prominence in Ayurveda.It is big in size.
  2. Mahabrihati: Highlighting its grandeur and extensive therapeutic potential.
  3. Kantaki: Literally translating to “thorny,” indicating its characteristic thorns.
  4. Kakanasa: Recognizing its role in addressing respiratory concerns, like coughs.
  5. Simha: Signifying its association with the tiger, symbolizing strength and potency.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Brihati’s profound influence is mirrored in its diverse vernacular names, echoing its widespread recognition and utilization. Some regional names for Brihati include:

  • Hindi: Badi Kateri
  • Bengali: Rambegun
  • Marathi: Dorali
  • Tamil: Anachundai, Papparamalli
  • Telugu: Tellakandla, Tella mullangi
  • Kannada: Nelamullangi
  • Gujarati: Ubhi ringani

Scientific Classification of Dravya (Gana) 

Brihati is classified as follows:

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Phanerogamia 
  • Division (Phylum): Angiosperms 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Solanales 
  • Family: Solanaceae 
  • Genus: Solanum 
  • Species: Indicum 

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana) 

Charaka Samhita: Hikkanigrahana, Angmarda Prashmana, Shothahara, Kanthya

Sushruta Samhita: Laghu Panchmoola, Bruhatyadi

Vagbhata: Bruhatyadi

Bhavprakash: Guduchyadi Varga

External Morphology

Brihati stands distinguished by its external features, contributing to its identification:

  • Leaves: The leaves are ovate, with a serrated margin and a prominent midrib.
  • Stems: The stems are erect, often armed with thorns, reflecting its Sanskrit synonym “Kantaki.”
  • Flowers: The flowers are white or purplish, arranged in clusters, and have a characteristic star shape.
  • Fruits: The fruits are small, green berries, initially turning yellow as they mature.

Useful Parts

Various parts of the Brihati plant are valued for their medicinal properties:

  • Leaves: The leaves are commonly used in traditional remedies and formulations.
  • Roots: The roots are utilized for their therapeutic effects in Ayurvedic preparations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Brihati harbors an array of essential phytochemicals that contribute to its healing potential:

  1. Solanidine: A key alkaloid with potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
  2. Solanocapsine: Another alkaloid contributing to its therapeutic effects.
  3. Triterpenoids: Bioactive compounds with various health benefits, including anti-inflammatory effects.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste):  “Tikta” (bitter) and “Katu” (pungent)

Guna (Property): “Laghu” (light) and “Ruksha” (dry)

Veerya(Potency): “Ushna” (hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive effect): “Katu” (pungent)

Prabhava: Brihati is known for its unique potency or “Prabhava” in promoting respiratory health and addressing respiratory concerns.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Brihati primarily balances the “Kapha” and “Vata” doshas due to its bitter and pungent tastes, along with its heating properties.

Dhatu: The primary action of Brihati is on the “Rakta” dhatu (blood tissue), supporting its purification and overall health.

Mala: Brihati assists in maintaining healthy elimination of waste products (Mala) by promoting digestion and regular bowel movements.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Brihati occupies a significant place in Ayurveda for addressing various health concerns, highlighting its versatility and therapeutic indications:

  1. Respiratory Health: Brihati is renowned for managing respiratory conditions such as cough, bronchitis, and asthma.

  2. Digestive Wellness: It is used to support digestion, alleviate indigestion, and manage gastrointestinal discomfort.

  3. Anti-Inflammatory: Brihati’s anti-inflammatory properties are employed in managing inflammatory conditions.

  4. Urinary Disorders: It is used to support kidney health and manage urinary tract infections.

  5. Fever Management: Brihati is employed to support the body’s natural response to fevers and associated discomfort.

  6. Skin Health: It may assist in managing skin conditions like itching and inflammation.

  7. Joint Health: Brihati’s properties are utilized in promoting joint health and managing joint-related concerns.

  8. Eye Health: It is used for promoting eye health and managing eye discomfort.

  9. Liver Support: Brihati is employed in supporting liver function and detoxification.

  10. Cardiovascular Health: It may contribute to overall cardiovascular well-being.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Brihati can be administered in various forms and dosages, including:

  1. Brihati Powder: 2-5 grams per day, often taken with honey or warm water.

  2. Brihati Decoction: Prepared by boiling the herb in water, beneficial for respiratory and digestive concerns.

Dosages may vary based on the formulation and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Brihati is an essential ingredient in various Ayurvedic formulations, including:

  1. Brihatyadi Kashayam: A herbal decoction with Brihati and other ingredients, employed for respiratory health and managing respiratory concerns.

  2. Dashamoolarishta: A fermented tonic containing Brihati and a blend of ten other herbs, promoting overall well-being and vitality.

  3. Dantyarishta : A fermented tonic containing Brihati, useful to treat skin diseases.

  4. Navajeevan Rasayanam: This herbal jam is useful for the treatment of bronchial disorders, breathing difficulties, cough, and cold.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When used within recommended dosages, Brihati is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive use may lead to:

  1. Digestive Discomfort: In some cases, high doses may cause mild gastrointestinal discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects, the following remedial measures can be taken:

  1. Dosage Adjustment: Reduce the dosage to alleviate any discomfort.

  2. Consult a Practitioner: Seek guidance from an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Brihati is generally not subjected to specific purification methods due to its safe nature. However, it can be included in certain formulations where shodhana procedures are applied.

As always, consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Brihati or any herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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