Bhringraj (Eclipta alba)

Basonym of Drug

The botanical name of the remarkable medicinal plant Bhringraj is Eclipta alba. This nomenclature is widely accepted and referred to in botanical and traditional contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

In the realm of Ayurveda, Bhringraj is associated with a variety of Sanskrit synonyms, each encapsulating its unique properties and uses. Some of the main Sanskrit synonyms for Bhringraj are:

  1. Bhringaraja: Denoting the “King of Hair,” emphasizing its historical use for promoting hair health.
  2. Kesharaja: Highlighting its role in hair care, with “Kesha” referring to hair.
  3. Kesharanjana: Signifying its beneficial effects on hair, often used metaphorically for a cosmetic application.
  4. Maka: Named after the sage “Maka,” symbolizing its revered status in traditional medicine.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Bhringraj is known by various vernacular names across different regions, reflecting its widespread recognition and traditional usage. Some of the regional names for Bhringraj include:

  • Hindi: Bhringraj, Bhangra
  • Bengali: Bhringaraj, Kesuriya
  • Marathi: Bhringaraj, Keshuri
  • Tamil: Karisalankanni
  • Telugu: Galagara
  • Kannada: Galaganda
  • Gujarati: Bhangro, Bhingro
  • Punjabi: Bhangra
  • Urdu: Bhangra

Scientific Classification of Dravya 

Bhringraj is classified as follows:

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Phanerogamia 
  • Division (Phylum): Angiosperms 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Asterales 
  • Family: Asteraceae 
  • Genus: Eclipta
  • Species: alba 

    Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Guduchyadi varga

External Morphology

Bhringraj is a perennial herb known for its distinct appearance and characteristics:

  • Leaves: The leaves are elongated, lance-shaped, and arranged oppositely along the stem. They are covered with fine hairs.
  • Stems: The stems are prostrate or ascending, often branching and densely covered with hairs.
  • Flowers: The flowers are small, white, and daisy-like, with yellow centers. They are clustered at the ends of branches.
  • Fruits: The fruits are small achenes, each containing a single seed.

Useful Parts

The whole Bhringraj plant, including its leaves, stems, flowers, and roots, is utilized for its medicinal properties. However, the leaves and roots are the most commonly used parts.

Important Phytoconstituents

Bhringraj is rich in a variety of phytochemicals that contribute to its therapeutic effects:

  1. Wedelolactone: A key active compound with potential anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective properties.
  2. Ecliptasaponins: Bioactive compounds known for their antioxidant and immune-modulating effects.
  3. Beta-sitosterol: A phytosterol with potential anti-inflammatory and cholesterol-lowering effects.
  4. Alkaloids: Various alkaloids contribute to Bhringraj’s medicinal properties, including its potential hepatoprotective effects.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): “Katu” (pungent), “Tikta” (bitter)

Guna (Property): “Laghu” (light) ,”Ruksha” (dry) 

Veerya (Potency): “Ushna” (hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive effect): “Katu” (pungent)

Prabhava: Bhringraj is renowned for its unique potency or “Prabhava,” which is believed to nourish and rejuvenate the hair and scalp.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Bhringraj primarily balances the “Kapha” and “Vata” doshas, due to its bitter taste and heating effect.

Dhatu: The primary action of Bhringraj is on the “Rasa” dhatu (plasma), promoting its purification and overall health.

Mala: Bhringraj supports the healthy elimination of waste products (Mala), particularly by aiding digestion and promoting proper bowel movements.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Bhringraj is utilized in traditional medicine to address a wide range of health concerns, making it a highly valued herb with numerous therapeutic indications:

  1. Hair and Scalp Health: Bhringraj is renowned for its role in promoting hair growth, preventing hair fall, and maintaining a healthy scalp.

  2. Liver Disorders: It is used to support liver function, detoxify the liver, and promote overall liver health.

  3. Skin Health: Bhringraj’s antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties are beneficial for various skin conditions, including eczema and psoriasis.

  4. Digestive Disorders: It aids digestion, alleviates indigestion, and supports the management of gastrointestinal issues.

  5. Respiratory Health: Bhringraj is employed to manage respiratory conditions like cough and bronchitis, supporting healthy lung function.

  6. Immune Support: It contributes to overall immune system support, assisting the body’s natural defense mechanisms.

  7. Anemia: Bhringraj is used to improve hemoglobin levels and support individuals with anemia.

  8. Urinary Disorders: It is beneficial in managing urinary tract infections and promoting kidney health.

  9. Eye Health: Bhringraj may be used for promoting eye health and managing eye-related concerns.

  10. Gynecological Health: It supports women’s health by helping manage menstrual irregularities and related discomfort.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Bhringraj can be administered in various forms and dosages, including:

  1. Bhringraj Powder: 3-6 grams per day, often taken with honey or ghee.

  2. Bhringraj Oil: Used for scalp massage and hair health, applied externally in an appropriate quantity.

Dosages may vary based on the formulation and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Bhringraj is a vital ingredient in various Ayurvedic formulations, including:

    1. Bhringraj Taila: A herbal oil infusion used for scalp massage to promote hair growth, prevent hair fall, and maintain a healthy scalp.

    2. Bhringraj Churna: A powdered formulation for internal consumption, supporting hair health, liver function, and overall well-being.

    3. Kesh King Hair Oil: A popular hair oil containing Bhringraj and other herbs, aimed at nourishing hair follicles and improving hair texture.

    4. Trichup Hair Capsules: Herbal capsules containing Bhringraj and other ingredients, intended to enhance hair strength and vitality.

    5. Maha Bhringraj Oil: A potent hair oil blend with Bhringraj, often used to promote hair growth, prevent premature graying, and address scalp issues.

    6. Neelibhringadi Oil: A traditional Ayurvedic hair oil containing Bhringraj and Indigo, beneficial for hair health and maintaining natural hair color.

    7. Bhringraj Amalaki Oil: A combination of Bhringraj and Amalaki (Indian Gooseberry), used to support hair health and address hair-related concerns.

    8. Shadbindu Taila: It is useful in treating sinusitis, catarrh, headache, migraine, premature greying of hair and premature hair fall.
    9. Mahamanjisthadi Kwath: A decoction with Bhringraj and other herbs, utilized for blood purification, skin health, and managing skin conditions.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When used within recommended dosages, Bhringraj is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive use or sensitivity may lead to:

  1. Stomach Discomfort: In some cases, high doses may cause mild gastrointestinal discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects, the following remedial measures can be taken:

  1. Discontinue Use: Cease Bhringraj consumption if adverse reactions are observed.

  2. Consult a Practitioner: Seek guidance from an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Bhringraj is typically not subjected to specific purification methods due to its safe nature. However, it can be included in certain formulations where shodhana procedures are applied.

As always, consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Bhringraj or any herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

Consult our doctor at Ayurvite Wellness:

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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