Daruharidra(Berberis aristata)

Basonym of Drug

The botanical name of the medicinal plant Daruharidra is Berberis aristata. This name is widely recognized and referred to in botanical and Ayurvedic contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

In the realm of Ayurveda, Daruharidra is associated with a variety of Sanskrit synonyms, each encapsulating its unique properties and uses. Some of the main Sanskrit synonyms for Daruharidra are:

  1. Daruharidra: “Tree-like turmeric,” referring to its appearance resembling turmeric and its use as a healing herb.
  2. Darvi: Denoting its potent and versatile nature, often used as an alternative name for Daruharidra.
  3. Rasanjana: “Delightful to the senses,” highlighting its beneficial and pleasant properties.
  4. Peetadaruharidra: “Yellow Daruharidra,” emphasizing its distinct yellow color.
  5. Peetapushpa: “Yellow-flowered,” underscoring the vibrant hue of its blossoms.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Daruharidra is known by different vernacular names in various regions, reflecting its widespread recognition and traditional usage. Some of the regional names for Daruharidra include:

  • Hindi: Daruhaldi, Kaur
  • Bengali: Daruhalud
  • Marathi: Daruhalad
  • Tamil: Maruvam, Maruvu, Mara manjal
  • Telugu: Kasturipushpa
  • Gujarati: Daru-haldar, Daru-haridra
  • Punjabi: Daru-haldar
  • Urdu: Daru-haldar

Scientific Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Daruharidra is classified as follows:

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Phanerogamia 
  • Division (Phylum): Angiosperms 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Ranunculales 
  • Family: Berberidaceae 
  • Genus: Berberis 
  • Species: Aristata 

    Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)


  • Charaka Samhita: Kandughna, Arshoghna, Lekhaneeya

  • Sushruta Samhita: Mustadi, Haridradi, Lakshadi

  • Vagbhat: Mustadi, Haridradi, Lakshadi
  • Bhavprakash: Haritakyadi Varga

External Morphology

Daruharidra is a deciduous shrub known for its distinctive appearance:

  • Leaves: The leaves are small, oval, and have serrated edges.
  • Stems: The stems are woody, often covered in spines, and have a yellowish bark.
  • Flowers: The flowers are yellow and bloom in clusters.
  • Fruits: The fruits are small berries that are usually red or black when ripe.

Useful Parts

The root and stem of the Daruharidra plant is the most commonly used part for its medicinal properties. The fruit is also utilized, albeit less frequently.

Important Phytoconstituents

Daruharidra is rich in various phytochemicals that contribute to its therapeutic effects:

  1. Berberine: A prominent alkaloid known for its antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and immune-modulatory properties.
  2. Palmatine: Another alkaloid with potential antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory benefits.
  3. Columbamine: An alkaloid with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.
  4. Oxyacanthine: An alkaloid with potential analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.
  5. Jatrorrhizine: An alkaloid with reported antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.

These phytoconstituents collectively make Daruharidra a valuable herb in traditional medicine systems.

The intricate interplay of its constituents offers Daruharidra a multifaceted potential to address various health concerns, ranging from microbial infections to inflammatory conditions.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): “Tikta” (Bitter), “Kashaya” (Astringent)

Guna(Property):“Laghu” (light) and “Ruksha” (dry)

Veerya(Potency): “Ushna” (hot)

Vipaka (post-digestive effect): “Katu” (pungent)

Prabhava: Daruharidra is esteemed for its unique potency or “Prabhava,” which is believed to cleanse and support various bodily systems.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Daruharidra has a balancing effect on all three Doshas, particularly “Kapha” and “Pitta,” due to its bitter and heating qualities.

Dhatu: The primary action of Daruharidra is on the “Rakta” dhatu (blood tissue), supporting its purification and overall health.

Mala: Daruharidra aids in promoting healthy elimination of waste products (Mala), particularly through its influence on the digestive system.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Daruharidra is used to address various health conditions and is indicated in several ailments, including:

  1. Skin Disorders: Daruharidra’s antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties make it effective in managing a range of skin conditions, including eczema, psoriasis, acne, and fungal infections. It may help reduce itching, redness, and inflammation.

  2. Digestive Disturbances: It aids digestion by stimulating the secretion of digestive enzymes, promoting healthy bowel movements, and alleviating indigestion, bloating, and gas. It may be beneficial for conditions like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

  3. Liver Health: Daruharidra supports liver function and may help detoxify the liver by improving bile flow. It is used in managing liver disorders, promoting liver health, and assisting in the elimination of toxins from the body.

  4. Infections: Due to its antimicrobial properties, Daruharidra is employed in managing bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections. It may help combat various pathogens and support the body’s immune response.

  5. Diabetes Management: Daruharidra is believed to assist in regulating blood sugar levels. It may enhance insulin sensitivity and contribute to better glucose control, making it useful for individuals with diabetes.

  6. Eye Health: Daruharidra’s anti-inflammatory properties extend to the eyes. It is used to manage conjunctivitis, styes, and other eye infections, promoting eye health and comfort.

  7. Cardiovascular Support: Daruharidra may help maintain healthy cholesterol levels, support cardiovascular function, and promote circulation. Its antioxidant properties contribute to overall heart health.

  8. Urinary Tract Disorders: Daruharidra’s antimicrobial effects extend to the urinary tract. It is used to manage urinary tract infections (UTIs) and promote kidney health.

  9. Mouth and Dental Health: Daruharidra’s antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory actions make it useful for oral health. It may help manage gum inflammation, mouth ulcers, and other oral conditions.

  10. Immune Support: Its immune-modulating effects contribute to overall immune system support, assisting the body in defending against infections and illnesses.

  11. Gastrointestinal Health: Daruharidra’s properties extend to maintaining a healthy gastrointestinal tract. It may help protect the stomach lining and promote gut health.

  12. Joint Health: Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, Daruharidra is used to manage joint discomfort and support joint health in conditions like arthritis.

  13. Respiratory Health: Daruharidra’s anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects may help manage respiratory conditions such as cough, bronchitis, and sinusitis.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Daruharidra can be administered in various forms and dosages, including:

  1. Powder: 1-3 grams per day, often taken with warm water or honey.
  2. Decoction: 30-60 ml, taken one to two times daily.
  3. Capsules/Tablets: 250-500 mg, one to three times a day after meals.

Dosages may vary based on the formulation and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Daruharidra is frequently incorporated into various Ayurvedic formulations, including:

  1. Darvyadi Kwath: A decoction containing Daruharidra and other herbs, used for skin disorders and digestive issues.
  2. Daruharidra Taila: An oil infusion used for external application in skin disorders and joint conditions.
  3. Rasakarpura: A fine powder containing Daruharidra and other ingredients, used for eye health.
  4. Mahamanjisthadi Kwath: A decoction with Daruharidra and other herbs, utilized for blood purification and skin health.
  5. Panchanimbadi Churna: A formulation with Daruharidra and other herbs, addressing skin issues and promoting overall health.
  6. Daruharidradi Lepa: A topical paste combining Daruharidra, used for managing skin problems and promoting skin health.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When used within recommended dosages, Daruharidra is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive use or sensitivity may lead to:

  1. Stomach Discomfort: In some cases, mild gastrointestinal discomfort may occur.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects, the following remedial measures can be taken:

  1. Discontinue Use: Cease Daruharidra consumption if adverse reactions are observed.
  2. Consult a Practitioner: Seek guidance from an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Daruharidra is typically not subjected to specific purification methods due to its safe nature. However, it can be included in certain formulations where shodhana procedures are applied.

As always, consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Daruharidra or any herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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