Bilva (Aegle marmelos)

Basonym of Drug

The esteemed medicinal plant Bilva is botanically referred to as Aegle marmelos. This nomenclature forms the foundation of its identification and classification in the world of botany.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Bilva, a revered herb in Ayurveda, is associated with a range of Sanskrit synonyms, each capturing its distinct attributes and uses. Some of the primary Sanskrit synonyms for Bilva are:

  1. Bilva: The primary name highlighting the plant’s significance and spiritual connotations.
  2. Shivadruma: Referring to the divine tree of Lord Shiva, underlining its sacred symbolism.
  3. Shriphala: Recognizing it as a fruit cherished for its divine properties.
  4. Brihatphala: Emphasizing its large and nutritious fruit.
  5. Kantaki: Highlighting its thorny nature, signifying protection and potency.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Bilva’s profound impact is mirrored in its various vernacular names, reflecting its widespread recognition and utilization. Some regional names for Bilva include:

  • Hindi: Bael, Bel
  • Bengali: Bel
  • Marathi: Bel
  • Tamil: Vilvam
  • Telugu: Maredu
  • Kannada: Bilva
  • Gujarati: Bael, Bilimba
  • Punjabi: Bel
  • Urdu: Bel

Scientific Classification of Dravya 

Bilva is classified as follows:

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Phanerogamia 
  • Division (Phylum): Angiosperms 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Sapindales 
  • Family: Rutaceae 
  • Genus: Aegle 
  • Species: Marmelos 

    Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana) 



    Charaka Samhita: Arshoghna, Asthapanopaga, Shothahara, Shiro-virechan
  • Sushruta Samhita: Brihat Panchmoola, Dashmoola, Ambashtadi, Varunadi

External Morphology

Bilva boasts distinct external features that contribute to its recognition:

  • Leaves: The leaves are alternate, large, and trifoliate, resembling the trident of Lord Shiva.
  • Fruits: The fruits are round, woody, and filled with aromatic pulp, known for their cooling and nutritive properties.
  • Bark: The bark is greyish-brown, often used in herbal preparations.
  • Flowers: The flowers are pale green and possess a unique fragrance.
  • Thorns: The tree is adorned with sharp thorns that add to its protective symbolism.

Useful Parts

Various parts of the Bilva tree are valued for their medicinal properties:

  • Leaves: The leaves are commonly used in traditional remedies and rituals.
  • Fruits: The ripe fruits are consumed for their nutritional benefits and cooling effects.
  • Bark: The bark is utilized for its therapeutic properties in Ayurvedic preparations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Bilva harbors an array of essential phytochemicals that contribute to its healing potential:

  1. Marmelosin: A bioactive compound with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties.
  2. Limonoids: Phytochemicals with antioxidant and anti-cancer effects.
  3. Tannins: Responsible for astringent properties, contributing to its therapeutic uses.
  4. Alkaloids: Active compounds known for their potential health benefits.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): “Katu” (pungent), “Tikta” (bitter) and “Kashaya” (astringent)

Guna (Property): “Grahi” (Absorbent), “Snigdha” (Unctuous) and “Teekshna” (Sharp)

Veerya (Potency): “Ushna” (Hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive effect):“Katu” (pungent)

Prabhava: Bilva is known for its special potency or “Prabhava” in supporting digestive health and managing gastrointestinal concerns.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Bilva primarily balances the “Pitta” and “Kapha” doshas due to its bitter and astringent tastes; also balances “Vata” due to its Hot potency.

Dhatu: The primary action of Bilva is on the “Rasa” and “Rakta” dhatus (plasma and blood), supporting their purification and optimal functioning.

Mala: Bilva aids in maintaining healthy elimination of waste products (Mala) by supporting digestion and promoting regular bowel movements.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Bilva holds a significant place in Ayurveda for addressing various health concerns, making it a versatile and valuable herb with diverse therapeutic indications:

  1. Digestive Health: Bilva is renowned for promoting digestion, alleviating indigestion, and managing conditions like dyspepsia and gastritis.

  2. Gastrointestinal Disorders: It is used to manage diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and other gastrointestinal issues.

  3. Respiratory Health: Bilva’s expectorant and antitussive properties make it beneficial for managing cough, bronchitis, and asthma.

  4. Fever: It is employed in managing fever and supporting the body’s natural defense mechanisms.

  5. Diabetes Management: Bilva may assist in regulating blood sugar levels and supporting individuals with diabetes.

  6. Skin Disorders: Bilva’s cooling properties are utilized in managing skin conditions like itching and inflammation.

  7. Heart Health: It is believed to have cardio-protective effects and may support overall cardiovascular well-being.

  8. Eye Health: Bilva’s astringent properties make it beneficial for eye health and managing eye-related discomfort.

  9. Menstrual Disorders: Bilva is used in managing irregular menstrual cycles and related discomfort.

  10. Stress and Anxiety: Its calming effects are employed to manage stress, anxiety, and promote mental well-being.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Bilva can be administered in various forms and dosages, including:

  1. Bilva Powder: 3-6 grams per day, often taken with water or honey.

  2. Bilva Churna: Used to make decoctions or infusions, benefiting digestive and respiratory health.

Dosages may vary based on the formulation and the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Bilva is a pivotal ingredient in several renowned Ayurvedic formulations, including:

  1. Bilvadi Churna: A powder blend used for digestive support and managing gastrointestinal disorders.

  2. Bilva Taila: An herbal oil infusion, often used for external application in managing skin conditions.

  3. Bilwadi Gutika: Tablets containing Bilva and other herbs, supporting digestion and managing digestive discomfort.

  4. Bilwadi Leha: A herbal jam with Bilva, beneficial for enhancing digestion and promoting overall gastrointestinal well-being.

  5. Dantyarishta: A fermented tonic containing Bilva, promoting oral health and addressing dental issues.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When used within recommended dosages, Bilva is generally safe for most individuals. However, excessive consumption may lead to:

  1. Constipation: Due to its astringent properties, excessive intake may lead to dryness and constipation.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

In case of adverse effects, the following remedial measures can be taken:

  1. Hydration: Increase fluid intake to counteract the potential drying effects.

  2. Dietary Adjustments: Incorporate hydrating and moistening foods into the diet.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Bilva is typically not subjected to specific purification methods due to its generally safe nature. However, it can be included in certain formulations where shodhana procedures are applied.

Always consult a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Bilva or any herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

Consult our doctor at Ayurvite Wellness:

At Ayurvite Wellness, we are committed to providing comprehensive and compassionate care to individuals. Our team of experienced Ayurvedic doctors and wellness experts is dedicated to guiding you on your journey to optimal health. Whether you prefer a video consultation or an in-person clinic visit, we offer convenient and personalised consultation services to address your health concerns.

Video Consultation:

Our online video consultation service allows you to connect with our Ayurvedic doctors from the comfort of your home. Through a secure and confidential video platform, you can discuss for your disease management, receive personalised recommendations, and understand the best course of action for your specific needs. Our video consultation ensures accessibility and convenience without compromising the quality of care.

Clinic Consultation:

For those preferring an in-person consultation, our clinic consultation services provide you with the opportunity to meet our Ayurvedic doctors face-to-face. Our well-equipped and serene clinic environment ensures that you receive personalised attention and expert guidance throughout your consultation. Our doctors will carefully evaluate your health concerns, conduct thorough examinations, and design a treatment plan tailored to your unique health profile.

At Ayurvite Wellness, we believe in a holistic approach to healthcare, combining the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda with modern medical science. Our goal is to empower you with the knowledge and tools to make informed decisions about your disease management, and we are committed to supporting you every step of the way.

To schedule a video consultation or book an appointment for a clinic consultation, please visit and take the first step towards a healthier and more balanced life.

Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top
Open chat
💬 Need help?
Ayurvite Wellness Support
Namaste 👋
Can we help you?
I give my consent to Ayurvite Wellness Pvt. Ltd. to contact me by WhatsApp.