Trivrut (Operculina turpethum)

Basonym of Drug

The medicinal plant Trivrut is scientifically known as Operculina turpethum. This botanical name serves as the foundational identifier for this potent herb in various scientific and traditional contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

In the rich tapestry of Ayurveda, Trivrut is referred to by various Sanskrit synonyms, each encapsulating its unique attributes. Some key Sanskrit synonyms for Trivrut include:

  1. Trivrut: Stem is triangular in shape.
  2. Nishotha: Useful in oedema.
  3. Triputa: Stem is triangular in shape.
  4. Shodhini: Causes purgation.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Trivrut’s popularity spans across regions, leading to diverse vernacular names in different languages and cultures:

  • Hindi: Nishoth
  • English: Indian Jalap, Saint Thomas Lidpod, Transparent wood rose
  • Bengali: Nishoth
  • Marathi: Trivrut, Nisottar
  • Tamil: Triputai
  • Telugu: Trivrut
  • Kannada: Thutthagai
  • Gujarati: Nisoth
  • Punjabi: Trivrut

Botanical Name

Scientifically classified as Operculina turpethum, Trivrut belongs to the Convolvulaceae family.


Trivrut finds its botanical family in Convolvulaceae, a family recognized for various medicinal plants.

Scientific Classification of Dravya

Trivrut’s scientific classification provides insights into its botanical lineage and evolutionary relationships.

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Vanaspati)
  • Sub-Kingdom: Phanerogamia (Pushpavarna)
  • Division (Phylum): Angiosperms (Rajadaniya)
  • Class: Dicotyledons (Dvandvahstha)
  • Order: Solanales (Gokarnika)
  • Family: Convolvulaceae (Shankhapushpi Varga)
  • Genus: Operculina (Dvijihva)
  • Species: turpethum (Dronapushpi)

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Trivrut’s classification in the classical Ayurvedic texts, such as Charaka Samhita and Sushruta Samhita, is elucidated below.

Charaka Samhita: Bhedaniya

Sushruta Samhita: Adhobhagahara, Shyamadi

Vagbhata: Shyamadi

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Guduchyadi varga

External Morphology

Trivrut presents itself as a perennial twining shrub with large, heart-shaped leaves. The flowers are funnel-shaped, and the plant produces capsule-like fruits containing seeds.

Useful Parts

The root bark and leaf of Trivrut is the primary source of its medicinal properties. The root bark is typically dug up, cleaned, and processed for medicinal use.

Important Phytoconstituents

Trivrut is a storehouse of various phytoconstituents, each contributing to its medicinal properties:

  1. Resin: The resin obtained from the root is a key component with purgative properties.
  2. Turpethin: It contains a resinous substance known as turpethin, which is responsible for its therapeutic actions.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Katu (Pungent)

Guna (Qualities): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Teekshna (Piercing)

Veerya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka (Post-Digestive Taste): Katu (Pungent)

Prabhava (Special Efficacy): Trivrut is renowned for its significant purgative (rechana) action, primarily due to its bitter taste and hot potency.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:


  • Trivrut primarily influences and balances the Kapha and Pitta dosha but aggravates Vata dosha, making it effective in addressing conditions associated with excess Kapha and sluggish digestion.


  • It primarily acts on the Majja dhatu (marrow tissue) and influences the Rasa dhatu (plasma), supporting the elimination of toxins.


  • Trivrut aids in the elimination of Mala (waste products), particularly by promoting bowel movements and clearing the digestive tract.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Therapeutic Indications of Trivrut include:

  1. Constipation:
    • Indications: Trivrut is a potent laxative, making it valuable in addressing constipation and promoting regular bowel movements.
    • Mechanism of Action: Its purgative action helps soften the stool and facilitates its easy passage.
  2. Kapha Disorders:
    • Indications: Conditions associated with excess Kapha, such as respiratory congestion and excess mucous production, may benefit from Trivrut.
    • Mechanism of Action: Trivrut’s hot and light qualities help balance Kapha by promoting warmth and lightness in the body.
  3. Detoxification:
    • Indications: Trivrut is used in detoxification therapies to eliminate accumulated toxins from the body.
    • Mechanism of Action: Its purgative action supports the removal of ama (toxins) from the digestive tract.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):


  • Trivrut is commonly used in Ayurvedic formulations designed for internal cleansing and detoxification.

Matra (Dose):

  • The dosage of Trivrut varies based on the formulation and the specific health condition. It is crucial to use Trivrut under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner to determine the appropriate dosage for an individual. 1-3gms per day.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Important Formulations containing Trivrut:

  1. Kankayan Vati: Useful in piles, fissure and fistula.
  2. Abhayarishta: Useful in Haemorrhoids and Constipation.
  3. Chandraprabha Vati: Useful in Skin and Kidney diseases.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

Adverse Effects of Trivrut may include:

  1. Diarrhea:
    • Excessive use of Trivrut can lead to watery stools and diarrhea.
  2. Dehydration:
    • Prolonged or excessive use may cause dehydration due to increased bowel movements.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

  1. Hydration:
    • In case of diarrhea, maintaining adequate hydration is crucial. Rehydration solutions or drinks can be beneficial.
  2. Reducing Dosage:
    • If adverse effects occur, reducing the dosage or discontinuing the use of Trivrut may be necessary.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Purification of Trivrut:

  • Trivrut doesn’t typically undergo a specific purification process in classical Ayurveda.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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