Manjishtha(Rubia cordifolia)

Basonym of Drug

The basonym of the medicinal plant Manjishtha is Rubia cordifolia. This scientific name is commonly used to identify the plant in both botanical and medicinal contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Manjishtha is referred to by various Sanskrit synonyms in Ayurveda, each highlighting its distinct qualities and therapeutic attributes. Some of the main Sanskrit synonyms of Manjishtha are:

  1. Manjishtha: The primary name signifying the plant’s identity, derived from “Manjati” meaning bright red, reflecting its characteristic red roots.
  2. Yojanika/Yojanavalli/Vikasa: Plant is a climber, spreads on the ground.
  3. Samanga: Suggesting its red color and potential benefits for skin health.
  4. Rasayani: Used as rejuvinating agent.
  5. Vastraranjini: It imparts red colour to cloth.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Manjishtha is recognized by diverse vernacular names across different regions, reflecting its widespread use and significance. Some of the regional names for Manjishtha include:

  • Hindi: Manjishtha
  • English: Indian Madder
  • Bengali: Manjit, Manjishtha
  • Marathi: Manjishtha
  • Tamil: Manjitti, Manjitham
  • Telugu: Tamravalli
  • Kannada: Manjistha
  • Gujarati: Manjishtha
  • Punjabi: Manjishtha
  • Urdu: Manjith

Scientific Classification of Dravya

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Angiosperms 
  • Division (Phylum): Spermatophyta 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Gentianales
  • Family: Rubiaceae
  • Genus: Rubia
  • Species: cordifolia

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Varnya, Vishaghna, Jwarahara

Sushruta Samhita: Priyangvadi, Pittaprashmana

Vagbhata: Priyangvadi

External Morphology

Manjishtha is a climbing perennial herb with woody stems and characteristic heart-shaped leaves. The plant’s most distinctive feature is its bright red roots, which are a valuable part used in various medicinal preparations.

Useful Parts

In traditional medicine, the most valuable part of Manjishtha is its roots. The roots are known for their potential therapeutic properties and are commonly used in various formulations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Manjishtha’s therapeutic attributes are attributed to its diverse range of phytoconstituents. Some of the important compounds found in Manjishtha include:

  1. Anthraquinones: These compounds contribute to Manjishtha’s potential anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, making it valuable for skin health.
  2. Tannins: Tannins found in Manjishtha possess astringent properties, contributing to its use in wound healing and skin care.
  3. Xanthopurpurin: This compound imparts the characteristic red color to Manjishtha’s roots and contributes to its potential therapeutic benefits.

Rasa Panchaka of Manjishtha:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Tikta (Bitter), Kashaya (Astringent), Madhura (Sweet)

Guna (Property): Guru (Heavy), Ruksha (Dry)

Veerya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Katu (Pungent)

Prabhava: Twak Harshana – Enhances Skin Glow

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Manjishtha primarily balances the “Pitta” dosha due to its bitter taste and cooling properties. It also has an impact on “Kapha” and “Rakta” doshas.

Dhatu: It acts primarily on the “Rakta” dhatu (blood tissue) and “Twak” (skin), supporting skin health and blood purification.

Mala: Manjishtha supports the elimination of toxins from the blood, contributing to healthy blood and skin.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Manjishtha’s versatile properties make it relevant in addressing various health concerns, including:

  1. Skin Disorders: Manjishtha’s blood-purifying and anti-inflammatory properties are utilized to manage various skin disorders like acne, eczema, psoriasis, and allergic rashes.

  2. Blood Purification: It is commonly used to support the purification of blood, which can contribute to overall health and vitality.

  3. Wound Healing: Manjishtha’s wound-healing properties are harnessed to facilitate the recovery of wounds, cuts, and abrasions.

  4. Urinary Disorders: It is used in conditions affecting the urinary system due to its potential diuretic and cleansing effects.

  5. Menstrual Disorders: Manjishtha’s ability to balance Pitta and support blood purification makes it valuable in managing certain menstrual disorders.

  6. Liver Disorders: Its detoxifying properties are utilized to support liver health and detoxification processes.

  7. Joint Health: Manjishtha’s potential anti-inflammatory effects can aid in managing joint discomfort.

  8. Digestive Disorders: It is used to manage certain digestive concerns due to its potential to balance Pitta and support digestion.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Manjishtha can be administered in various forms and dosages based on the specific condition and individual characteristics:

  1. Powder: 1-3 grams, taken with honey or warm water.
  2. Decoction: 20-50 ml decoction, to be taken after meals.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Manjishtha is often integrated into formulations to enhance its therapeutic effects. Some notable formulations containing Manjishtha include:

  1. Maha-Manjishthadi Kwatha: A traditional herbal decoction formulation used for various skin disorders and blood purification.

  2. Kumkumadi oil: Useful for skin glow.
  3. Panchatikta Guggulu Ghrita: Useful in skin disorders.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

Manjishtha is generally safe when used in recommended dosages. However, excessive consumption may lead to mild adverse effects like digestive discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

If adverse effects occur due to Manjishtha usage, the following remedial measures can be taken:

  1. Discontinue Use: Stop using Manjishtha if any adverse reactions are experienced.

  2. Consult a Healthcare Professional: If adverse effects persist or are severe, consult an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional for guidance.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Manjishtha does not typically require specific purification before use, as it is generally safe in its natural form.

Note: The information provided is for educational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Manjishtha or any other herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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