Mandukaparni(Centella asiatica)

Basonym of Drug

The basonym of the medicinal plant Mandukaparni is Centella asiatica. This scientific name is commonly used to identify the plant in both botanical and medicinal contexts.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Mandukaparni is referred to by various Sanskrit synonyms in Ayurveda, each highlighting its distinct qualities and therapeutic attributes. Some of the main Sanskrit synonyms of Mandukaparni are:

  1. Mandukaparni: The primary name signifying the plant’s identity, derived from the word “Manduka” meaning frog, as the leaves resemble a frog’s webbed feet.
  2. Manduki: Indicating its association with the frog due to its leaf resemblance.
  3. Sarsvati: Suggesting its potential to enhance cognitive functions, memory and wisdom.
  4. Mahaushadhi: It is one among the best medicinal plants.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names)

Mandukaparni is recognized by diverse vernacular names across different regions, reflecting its widespread use and significance. Some of the regional names for Mandukaparni include:

  • Hindi: Brahmi, Gotu Kola, Bengsag
  • English: Indian Pennywort, Gotu Kola
  • Bengali: Thulkuri
  • Marathi: Karivan
  • Tamil: Vallarai
  • Telugu: Saraswathi Akku
  • Kannada: Ondelaga
  • Gujarati: Kharbrahmi

Scientific Classification of Dravya

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Angiosperms 
  • Division (Phylum): Spermatophyta 
  • Class: Dicotyledons 
  • Order: Apiales
  • Family: Apiaceae 
  • Genus: Centella
  • Species: asiatica

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charaka Samhita: Vayasthapana, Prajasthapana, Tiktaskandha

Sushruta Samhita: Tikta varga

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Guduchyadi varga

External Morphology

Mandukaparni is a small, herbaceous perennial plant with creeping stems that spread horizontally. The leaves are small, kidney-shaped, and have a distinct resemblance to a frog’s webbed feet, which is how it gets its name “Mandukaparni.”

Useful Parts

In traditional medicine, the whole Mandukaparni plant is utilized for its therapeutic properties. The leaves, stems, and even the roots are used in various medicinal formulations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Mandukaparni’s therapeutic attributes are attributed to its diverse range of phytoconstituents. Some of the important compounds found in Mandukaparni include:

  1. Triterpenoids: These compounds are believed to be responsible for Mandukaparni’s cognitive-enhancing and adaptogenic effects.

  2. Saponins: Saponins found in Mandukaparni contribute to its potential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

  3. Flavonoids: Flavonoids present in Mandukaparni are known for their antioxidant and neuroprotective effects.

Rasa Panchaka of Mandukaparni:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Tikta (Bitter)

Guna (Property): Laghu (Light); Snigdha (स्निग्ध) – Unctuous

Veerya (Potency): Sheeta (Cold)

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Madhura (Sweet)

Prabhava: Medhya – Nourishing for the Mind

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Mandukaparni is known to balance the “Pitta” dosha due to its cooling and bitter properties, and it has a secondary impact on “Kapha” dosha.

Dhatu: It acts primarily on the “Majja” dhatu (nervous tissue), supporting mental health and cognitive functions.

Mala: Mandukaparni supports the elimination of waste products from the body, helping prevent the accumulation of toxins (ama).

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Mandukaparni’s diverse properties make it valuable in addressing various health concerns, including:

1. Cognitive Enhancement and Brain Health: Mandukaparni is renowned for its potent cognitive-enhancing properties. It is used to support mental clarity, memory, focus, and overall brain health. The herb’s ability to nourish the mind and enhance cognitive functions makes it valuable for students, professionals, and individuals of all ages seeking to optimize their mental abilities.

2. Anxiety and Stress Management: Mandukaparni’s calming and soothing properties make it useful in managing anxiety, stress, and nervousness. It is believed to help balance the nervous system, reducing the impact of stress hormones and promoting a sense of relaxation and tranquility.

3. Insomnia and Sleep Disorders: The herb’s adaptogenic nature can aid in managing sleep disorders such as insomnia. Mandukaparni’s ability to calm the mind and promote relaxation can contribute to better sleep quality and improved sleep patterns.

4. Skin Health and Wound Healing: Mandukaparni’s cooling and detoxifying qualities extend to skin health. It is used to promote healthy skin, alleviate inflammation, and support wound healing. The herb’s potential to enhance blood circulation can aid in the repair and regeneration of skin tissues.

5. Nervous System Support: Mandukaparni is traditionally employed to support various nervous system disorders. It may be used to manage conditions like neuralgia, neuropathy, and nervous debility, owing to its ability to nourish and strengthen the nervous system.

6. Cognitive Decline and Aging: Due to its neuroprotective and antioxidant properties, Mandukaparni is used to address age-related cognitive decline. It is believed to help delay cognitive deterioration and support healthy brain aging.

7. Epilepsy and Seizure Disorders: Mandukaparni is sometimes utilized to complement conventional treatments for epilepsy and seizure disorders. Its potential anticonvulsant effects may contribute to reducing the frequency and intensity of seizures.

8. Mental Fatigue and Concentration Issues: Individuals experiencing mental fatigue, lack of concentration, or difficulty focusing can benefit from Mandukaparni’s rejuvenating effects on the mind. It may aid in combating mental exhaustion and promoting mental clarity.

9. Neurological Disorders: The herb’s neuroprotective properties make it relevant in managing various neurological disorders. While not a standalone treatment, Mandukaparni’s potential to support nerve health can be considered in comprehensive therapeutic approaches.

10. Mood Disorders: Mandukaparni’s potential to balance neurotransmitters and support healthy brain function may contribute to managing mild mood disorders and promoting emotional well-being.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Mandukaparni can be administered in various forms and dosages, based on the specific condition and individual characteristics:

  1. Powder: 3-6 grams, taken with honey or warm water.
  2. Decoction: 50-100 ml decoction, to be taken after meals.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Mandukaparni is often included in formulations to enhance its therapeutic effects. Some notable formulations containing Mandukaparni include:

  1. Brihat Guduchi Taila: Useful in gout, arthritis.

  2. Brahmi Vati: A tablet formulation featuring Mandukaparni, beneficial for brain health, mental clarity, and supporting the nervous system.

  3. Brahmi Taila: An oil preparation infused with Mandukaparni, utilized for scalp massage to promote healthy hair, relax the mind, and alleviate stress.

  4. Saraswatarishta: A fermented herbal liquid containing Mandukaparni, recommended for cognitive enhancement, improving concentration, and managing stress.

  5. Mandukaparni Churna: A powdered formulation of Mandukaparni, commonly used to prepare various herbal formulations and teas for cognitive well-being.

  6. Mandukaparni Lepa: An herbal paste incorporating Mandukaparni, applied topically for wound healing, skin health, and inflammation reduction.

  7. Smriti Sagar Ras: A tablet formulation containing Mandukaparni, along with other ingredients, formulated to enhance memory, cognitive functions, and mental clarity.

  8. Brahma Rasayana: A rejuvenating herbal preparation containing Mandukaparni, recommended for promoting longevity, vitality, and mental well-being.

  9. Mandukaparni Syrup: A liquid syrup infused with Mandukaparni, often used to support mental health, cognitive functions, and nervous system balance.

  10. Mandukaparni Capsules: Capsule formulations containing Mandukaparni extract, convenient for supporting brain health and cognitive enhancement.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

Mandukaparni is generally safe when used in recommended dosages. However, excessive consumption may lead to mild adverse effects like digestive discomfort or increased coldness.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

If adverse effects occur due to Mandukaparni usage, the following remedial measures can be taken:

  1. Discontinue Use: Stop using Mandukaparni if any adverse reactions are experienced.

  2. Consult a Healthcare Professional: If adverse effects persist or are severe, consult an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional for guidance.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Mandukaparni typically does not require specific purification before use, as it is generally safe in its natural form.

Note: The information provided is for educational purposes only and should not be considered medical advice. Consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional before using Mandukaparni or any other herbal remedies, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking other medications.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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