Vidari/Vidarikanda(Pueraria tuberosa)

Basonym of the Drug

The original scientific name, or basonym, of the medicinal plant Vidari is Pueraria tuberosa.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

Vidari has a plethora of Sanskrit synonyms that reveal its importance in traditional texts:

  • Gajavajipriya: It is liked by Horses and Elephants.
  • Swadukandaka/Swadukanda: Its tuber is very sweet.
  • Ikshugandha: Its tuber is sweet like sugarcane.
  • Bhumikushmanda: Its tuber has similar benefits like Kushmanda fruit.

Regional Names (Vernacular Names)

Vidari’s healing potential is acknowledged through various vernacular names in different regions:

  • Hindi: Vidarikand, Bilaikand, Sural, Patalkohorha, Bidarikand
  • Bengali: Shimiya
  • Telugu: Darigummadi
  • Gujarati: Khakharbel
  • Malayalam: Gumandiginda
  • English: Indian Kudzu

Scientific Classification of Dravya

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Fabales
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Genus: Pueraria
  • Species: Pueraria tuberosa

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Vidari finds its classification in the following Gana (class) according to classical Ayurvedic texts:

Charaka Samhita: Balya, Brimhaniya, Varnya, Kanthya, Snehopaga, Madhuraskandha

Sushruta Samhita: Vidarigandhadi, Vallipanchmoola, Pittashamana

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Guduchyadi

External Morphology

Vidari presents itself as a perennial climber, showcasing elongated leaves and trailing stems. Its flowers bloom in delicate clusters, while its tuberous roots are the source of its medicinal properties.

Useful Parts

The primary part of Vidari used for medicinal purposes is its tuberous root, which harbors essential compounds that contribute to its healing effects.

Important Phytoconstituents

Vidari’s therapeutic potential lies in its complex array of phytoconstituents. Some of the significant compounds found in Vidari include:

  • Puerarin: A prominent flavonoid known for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, contributing to Vidari’s therapeutic effects.

  • Isoflavonoids: These compounds have potential estrogenic activity, making Vidari valuable in addressing hormonal imbalances.

  • Saponins: Vidari contains saponins that contribute to its adaptogenic and immune-modulating properties.

Rasa Panchaka (Five Tastes)

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Vidari primarily embodies the “Madhura” (sweet) taste, which reflects its natural sweetness.

Guna (Property): Vidari exhibits the “Guru” (heavy) and “Snigdha” (unctuous) Gunas, indicative of its properties and effects on the body.

Veerya (Potency): Vidari’s potency is characterized as “Sheeta” (cooling), which imparts a cooling influence on the body.

Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): The post-digestive effect of Vidari is “Madhura” (sweet), contributing to its lasting sweet taste after digestion.

Prabhava: Vidari is renowned for its “Balya” (strength-promoting) and “Vrishya” (aphrodisiac) Prabhava, emphasizing its unique effects beyond its basic tastes and properties.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala

Dosha: Vidari’s primary influence is on the “Vata” and “Pitta” doshas, assisting in balancing these doshic energies. Its cooling nature helps pacify excess Pitta, while its nourishing qualities aid in mitigating Vata imbalances.

Dhatu (Tissue): Vidari supports multiple dhatus, especially the “Rasa” (plasma), “Rakta” (blood), and “Mamsa” (muscle) dhatus. Its nourishing properties contribute to promoting the health of these bodily tissues.

Mala (Waste Products): Vidari’s sweet taste can have a mild laxative effect, aiding in the smooth elimination of waste products from the body.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications)

Vidari’s therapeutic applications encompass a range of health concerns:

  1. Vata Disorders and Weakness: Vidari’s nourishing and strengthening properties make it a valuable herb in addressing various Vata imbalances. It is particularly beneficial for individuals experiencing Vata-related issues such as weakness, fatigue, and lack of stamina.

  2. Emaciation and Debility: Vidari’s “Balya” (strength-promoting) nature contributes to its use in managing conditions of emaciation and general debility. It aids in building strength, muscle mass, and vitality.

  3. Reproductive Health and Fertility: Vidari’s “Vrishya” (aphrodisiac) property highlights its potential in enhancing reproductive health and fertility. It is often included in formulations aimed at promoting sexual well-being and addressing certain sexual disorders.

  4. Muscle Weakness and Wasting: Due to its nourishing and muscle-toning effects, Vidari is employed in addressing muscle weakness and wasting conditions. It aids in improving muscle mass and strength.

  5. Digestive Discomfort and Inflammation: Vidari’s cooling nature makes it valuable in managing digestive discomfort, inflammation, and excess heat in the body. It can help soothe digestive issues and promote overall digestive wellness.

  6. Stress and Fatigue: Vidari’s adaptogenic properties contribute to its use in managing stress, mental fatigue, and nervous exhaustion. It helps the body adapt to stressors and promotes relaxation.

  7. Respiratory Health: Vidari’s therapeutic applications extend to respiratory health. It may play a role in managing respiratory discomfort and promoting healthy lung function.

  8. Joint Health: Its nourishing and cooling properties may aid in managing joint discomfort and promoting joint health.

  9. Skin Health: Vidari’s rejuvenating effects can be beneficial for promoting healthy skin and addressing certain skin conditions.

  10. Overall Wellness and Vitality: Vidari’s comprehensive effects on various bodily systems contribute to its role in enhancing overall well-being, vitality, and longevity.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose)

Vidari is administered with careful consideration:

  • Amayikaprayoga (Therapeutic Use): Vidari’s uses vary based on its therapeutic context and the specific health condition it addresses.

  • Matra (Dose): The appropriate dosage of Vidari depends on factors such as the individual’s constitution, the condition being treated, and the formulation being used. Professional guidance is essential for accurate dosing. 3-6 grams.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations)

Vidari’s role in Ayurvedic formulations emphasizes its potential benefits:

  • Vidaryadi Lehyam: It aids in gaining weight and is a miracle for underweight and weak people. It completely nourishes the body.

  • Vidari Kand Churna: It helps in Vajikaran Rasayan: Modulates the Vata Dosha; Supports Reproductive Health; Supports Healthy Weight Gain.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects)

Vidari is generally well-tolerated when used appropriately within recommended doses. However, excessive consumption could lead to potential adverse effects, including digestive discomfort.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures)

In case of adverse effects, Ayurveda suggests the following measures:

  • Discontinuation: Cease Vidari usage immediately if adverse effects occur.

  • Digestive Support: Administering digestive tonics and adopting a light diet can help alleviate discomfort.

Shodhana (Purification Method)

No specific purification method is traditionally associated with Vidari.

In conclusion, Vidari (Pueraria tuberosa) stands as a multifaceted herb with diverse Ayurvedic properties. Its applications, effects on doshas, and potential to promote strength and vitality underline its value in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. However, as with any herb, professional guidance is crucial to ensure appropriate usage, dosing, and administration, safeguarding its benefits while minimizing potential risks.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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