Tila (Sesamum indicum)

Basonym of Drug:

The scientific name “Sesamum indicum” serves as the basonym for Tila, denoting its unique botanical identity.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms:

In the realm of Ayurveda, Tila is known by several Sanskrit synonyms that capture its essence:

  1. Tilika: This name refers to the tiny seeds of the Tila plant, highlighting its characteristic feature.
  2. Kusumabhava: Tila is also called Kusumabhava, emphasizing its relationship with the oilseed family.

Regional Name (Vernacular Names):

Tila goes by various vernacular names across regions:

  • Hindi: Til
  • Tamil: Ellu
  • Telugu: Nuvvulu
  • Bengali: Til
  • Marathi: Til

Scientific Classification of Dravya:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Pedaliaceae
  • Genus: Sesamum
  • Species: S. indicum

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana):

Bhavprakash Nighantu: Amradiphala Varga

External Morphology:

Tila is a small annual plant with distinctive features:

  • Height: It grows up to 1 to 3 feet tall.
  • Leaves: The leaves are lance-shaped, serrated, and arranged alternately on the stem.
  • Flowers: Tila bears tubular flowers, typically white, pink, or purple, depending on the variety.
  • Fruit: The fruit is a capsule containing small, flat seeds with a high oil content.

Useful Parts:

Tila is valued for its seeds, which are rich in oil and nutrition. The oil extracted from these seeds is utilized for various purposes, including culinary and medicinal applications.

Important Phytoconstituents:

Tila seeds are a storehouse of essential nutrients and bioactive compounds:

  • Oil: Sesame oil contains a high amount of unsaturated fatty acids, including oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids.
  • Proteins: The seeds also contain proteins, amino acids, and antioxidants.
  • Vitamins and Minerals: Sesame seeds are a source of vitamins like B-complex vitamins, vitamin E, and minerals like calcium, iron, and zinc.

Rasa Panchaka:

  • Rasa (Predominant Taste): Tila primarily possesses a Madhura (sweet), which is balanced by its other attributes.It has anurasas Kashaya (astringent) and Tikta (bitter).
  • Guna (Property): The inherent Guna of Tila is Guru (heavy) and Snigdha (unctuous) due to its oil content.
  • Veerya (Potency): Tila is endowed with Ushna Veerya (hot potency), contributing to its warming effects on the body.
  • Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Following digestion, Tila transforms into Madhura Vipaka, offering a sweet aftertaste.
  • Prabhava: Tila is celebrated for its nourishing and rejuvenating Prabhava, a special effect beyond the usual taste and attributes.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

  • Dosha: Tila predominantly balances the all three dosha(Tridoshashamaka).
  • Dhatu (Tissue): It nourishes various tissues, especially the Rasa (plasma), Mamsa (muscles), and Meda (fat) dhatus.
  • Mala (Waste Products): Tila supports healthy elimination of waste products and contributes to overall digestive wellness.

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Tila’s therapeutic applications span a diverse range of health concerns:

  1. Joint Health: It supports joint flexibility and comfort, making it valuable for conditions like arthritis.
  2. Bone Wellness: Tila promotes bone strength and health, aiding in the prevention of osteoporosis.
  3. Digestive Support: Tila helps maintain healthy digestion and alleviates issues like constipation and indigestion.
  4. Cardiovascular Health: Regular consumption of Tila can support heart health by managing cholesterol levels.
  5. Nervous System: Its nourishing properties promote nerve health and cognitive function.
  6. Skin Care: Tila oil’s external application moisturizes and soothes the skin, addressing dryness and promoting a healthy complexion.
  7. Hair Health: Tila oil nourishes the scalp and hair, preventing dryness and enhancing hair quality.
  8. Fertility: Tila may contribute to male reproductive health by supporting healthy sperm production.
  9. Women’s Health: It is traditionally used for menstrual discomfort and to support reproductive well-being.
  10. General Wellness: Tila’s nutrient-rich profile supports overall well-being and vitality.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

  • Tila Oil: The oil is commonly used for internal consumption, external application, and as a cooking medium.
  • Dosage: Consumption of Tila oil can vary based on individual constitution, health conditions, and intended benefits. Generally, 1-2 teaspoons per day are recommended, but it’s essential to consult an Ayurvedic practitioner for personalized guidance.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

Here are some notable formulations that incorporate Tila (Sesamum indicum) as a key ingredient, along with their benefits:

  1. Tila Taila (Sesame Oil): Tila taila is a versatile herbal oil prepared by infusing Tila seeds. It serves as a base for many Ayurvedic formulations and is renowned for its nourishing, warming, and soothing properties. Tila taila is commonly used for abhyanga (self-massage), promoting joint flexibility, muscle relaxation, and overall wellness.

  2. Mahanarayana Taila: This classical Ayurvedic oil formulation contains Tila as a significant component. It is renowned for its analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Mahanarayana taila is used for external application in conditions like arthritis, joint pain, and muscular discomfort.

  3. Bala Taila: Bala taila is a herbal oil infused with Bala (Sida cordifolia) and Tila among other ingredients. It is particularly beneficial for promoting strength, vitality, and rejuvenation. Regular massage with Bala taila can enhance muscle tone, nourish the skin, and support overall energy levels.

  4. Sesame Ladoo: Tila seeds are used to prepare nutritious and energy-boosting ladoos. These are popular as traditional postpartum tonics for new mothers to provide nourishment, strength, and support lactation.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

When used in moderation, Tila is safe for most individuals. However, excessive consumption may lead to increased Kapha dosha or weight gain in some cases. It’s advisable to consult an Ayurvedic expert before incorporating Tila into your routine.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

Tila can be incorporated into daily life through various means, including dietary intake, external application, and massage therapy. Consulting an Ayurvedic practitioner ensures an appropriate approach tailored to your needs.

Shodhana (Purification Method):

Tila seeds are often used in their natural form but can also be processed into oil. The oil can be extracted through cold-pressing or traditional methods to preserve its nutritional value.

Incorporating Tila into your lifestyle under the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner can unlock its holistic benefits, promoting well-being from the inside out.

Consult our doctor at Ayurvite Wellness:

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At Ayurvite Wellness, we believe in a holistic approach to healthcare, combining the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda with modern medical science. Our goal is to empower you with the knowledge and tools to make informed decisions about your disease management, and we are committed to supporting you every step of the way.

To schedule a video consultation or book an appointment for a clinic consultation, please visit https://www.ayurvitewellness.com/treatment and take the first step towards a healthier and more balanced life.

Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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