Shatavari (Asparagus racemosus)

Basonym of Drug

The basonym of the medicinal plant Shatavari is Asparagus racemosus. This botanical name serves as the foundation for its identification and classification in the world of herbal medicine.

Main Sanskrit Synonyms

In the ancient texts of Ayurveda, Shatavari is recognized by several Sanskrit synonyms that highlight its diverse qualities and benefits. Some of the main Sanskrit synonyms of Shatavari are:

  1. Shatavari: The one with a hundred roots, symbolizing its abundance and rejuvenating qualities.
  2. Shatamuli: Possessing multiple tubers or roots, highlighting its root’s medicinal significance.
  3. Bahusuta: The one with many offspring, signifying its role in enhancing reproductive health.
  4. Atirasa: The super-essence, denoting its potent and concentrated therapeutic effects.
  5. Vrishya: Promoter of virility and sexual potency, underlining its impact on reproductive well-being.
  6. Narayani: Beloved of mankind, emphasizing its beneficial nature for human health.

Regional Name (Vernacular names)

Shatavari is known by various vernacular names across different regions, underlining its widespread use and popularity. Some of the regional names for Shatavari include:

  • Hindi: Shatavari
  • English: Wild Asparagus, Indian Asparagus
  • Bengali: Shatamuli
  • Marathi: Shatavari
  • Tamil: Kilwari
  • Telugu: Pilli gaddalu
  • Kannada: Shatavari
  • Gujarati: Ekalkanto, Shatavari
  • Punjabi: Shatavari
  • Urdu: Shatavari

Scientific Classification of Dravya

Shatavari is classified as follows:

  • Kingdom: Plantae 
  • Sub-Kingdom: Phanerogamia 
  • Division (Phylum): Angiosperms 
  • Class: Monocotyledons 
  • Order: Liliales 
  • Family: Liliaceae 
  • Genus: Asparagus 
  • Species: Racemosus

Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)

Charak : Madhura-skandha, Vaya-sthapana, Balya.

Sushruta : Kantaka-Panchmoola, Vidarigandhadi

Vagbhata : Vidarigandhadi

External Morphology

Shatavari is a climbing perennial plant with slender, succulent stems that can reach up to several meters in length. The plant features tiny, white, fragrant flowers that form in clusters along the stem, eventually giving way to small, spherical berries. Shatavari’s feathery foliage and delicate flowers contribute to its aesthetic appeal.

Useful Parts

The primary useful part of Shatavari is its root. The root is known for its medicinal properties and is commonly employed in various Ayurvedic preparations.

Important Phytoconstituents

Shatavari contains a diverse array of phytoconstituents that contribute to its therapeutic potential. Some of the key phytoconstituents found in Shatavari include:

  1. Saponins: Shatavari is particularly rich in saponins, which are bioactive compounds known for their various health benefits.

  2. Shatavarins: These are a specific group of saponins found in Shatavari that are believed to be responsible for many of its medicinal properties.

  3. Flavonoids: Shatavari contains flavonoids, which possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

  4. Asparagine: An amino acid found in Shatavari that contributes to its therapeutic effects.

  5. Polysaccharides: These complex carbohydrates are believed to have immune-modulatory properties.

  6. Alkaloids: Shatavari also contains alkaloids, which may contribute to its overall pharmacological effects.

Rasa Panchaka:

Rasa (Predominant Taste): Madhura (Sweet), Tikta(Bitter) 

Guna (Property): Guru (Heavy), Snigdha (Unctuous) 

Veerya (Potency): Sheeta (Cooling)

Vipaka (Post-digestive): Madhura (Sweet)

Prabhava: Vrishya (Aphrodisiac) – Shatavari is known for its specific aphrodisiac effects beyond its basic qualities.

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:

Dosha: Shatavari primarily balances “Pitta” and “Vata” doshas, especially Pitta due to its cooling nature.

Dhatu: It nourishes and supports the “Rasa” (plasma), “Rakta” (blood), “Mamsa” (muscle), and “Shukra” (reproductive tissue) dhatus.

Mala: Shatavari helps regulate bowel movements and supports the proper elimination of waste products (malas).

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):

Shatavari is beneficial in addressing various health conditions, including:

  1. Female Reproductive Health: Shatavari is renowned for its beneficial effects on female reproductive health. It helps regulate menstrual cycles, alleviate menstrual discomfort, and promote overall reproductive well-being.

  2. Menopause Support: Shatavari’s hormone-balancing properties make it valuable for managing symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes, mood swings, and sleep disturbances.

  3. Postpartum Nourishment: Shatavari is often recommended for postpartum care. It aids in rejuvenating the body after childbirth, supporting lactation, and promoting uterine health.

  4. Lactation Enhancement: Nursing mothers find Shatavari particularly useful for increasing milk production and improving the quality of breast milk.

  5. Digestive Health: Shatavari’s cooling and soothing nature benefits the digestive system. It can help relieve hyperacidity, heartburn, and promote healthy digestion.

  6. Stress and Anxiety Management: Shatavari has adaptogenic properties that help the body cope with stress and reduce anxiety, promoting a sense of calmness and emotional balance.

  7. Immune System Support: Regular use of Shatavari is believed to enhance the body’s natural defense mechanisms, improving overall immunity and resilience.

  8. General Vitality: Shatavari is used as a tonic to boost energy levels, enhance stamina, and improve physical endurance.

  9. Reproductive System Tonic: It serves as a tonic for the female reproductive system, promoting fertility, and addressing issues like irregular periods or fertility imbalances.

  10. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Shatavari’s anti-inflammatory properties make it useful in managing conditions involving inflammation, such as joint discomfort.

  11. Respiratory Health: Shatavari’s soothing properties extend to the respiratory system, helping to alleviate symptoms of respiratory conditions like cough and bronchitis.

  12. Urinary Health: Shatavari is used to support urinary tract health, potentially helping with issues like urinary tract infections and promoting healthy urine flow.

  13. Skin Health: Its cooling nature can have a positive impact on skin health, helping to reduce inflammation, redness, and promoting a clear complexion.

  14. Memory and Brain Function: Shatavari is believed to have neuroprotective properties that support brain health, memory, and cognitive function.

  15. Antioxidant Action: The antioxidant compounds in Shatavari help combat free radicals, reducing oxidative stress and supporting overall well-being.

  16. Rejuvenation: Shatavari is considered a Rasayana in Ayurveda, signifying its role in rejuvenation, anti-aging, and promoting longevity.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):

Powder: 3-6 grams, usually taken with warm milk or water.

Decoction: 30-60 ml, taken twice daily.

Capsules/Tablets: 1-2 capsules or tablets twice daily after meals.

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):

  1. Shatavari Ghrita: A ghee-based preparation incorporating Shatavari, used for promoting female reproductive health and enhancing lactation.
  2. Shatavari Churna: Shatavari powder commonly used in formulations for women’s wellness, digestive health, and stress management.
  3. Shatavari Rasayan: A rejuvenating herbal jam containing Shatavari, employed to enhance vitality and overall well-being.
  4. Shatavari Kalpa: A traditional formulation often consumed with milk, intended to boost energy, improve immunity, and aid in digestion.
  5. Shatavari Lehyam: A semi-solid preparation with Shatavari, used for postpartum care, promoting lactation, and aiding digestion.
  6. Shatavari Gulam: A herbal jam featuring Shatavari, used to address menstrual discomfort, support reproductive health, and enhance vitality.
  7. Shatavari Guda: A medicated jaggery-based preparation with Shatavari, beneficial for female health and as a general tonic.
  8. Shatavari Ghana Vati: Concentrated Shatavari tablet form, utilized for menstrual irregularities, menopause, and reproductive health.

    Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):

    Shatavari is generally well-tolerated. However, some individuals might experience:

    1. Stomach Discomfort: Mild gastrointestinal discomfort in some cases.
    2. Allergic Reactions: Rare instances of allergic reactions.

    Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):

    1. Discontinue Use: Stop using Shatavari if any adverse reactions occur.
    2. Consult a Practitioner: If discomfort persists, consult an Ayurvedic practitioner or healthcare professional.

    Shodhana (Purification method):

    Shatavari is not typically subjected to shodhana (purification) before use.

    Please note that this information is provided for educational purposes and should not replace personalized advice from a qualified healthcare practitioner. Always consult with a professional before using any herbal remedies, especially if you have pre-existing health conditions or are taking other medications.

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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.

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