Bharangi (Clerodendrum serratum)

Bharangi (Clerodendrum serratum): The Respiratory Supportive Herb

Basonym of Drug: The medicinal herb known as Bharangi is scientifically referred to as Clerodendrum serratum.

Main Synonyms: In Ayurveda, Bharangi is known by various synonyms, including:

  1. Bharangi
  2. Kantakari
  3. Kantakarika
  4. Mahaushadhi
  5. Sookshmapatra

Regional Name: Bharangi is also known by different names in various regional languages. Some common regional names include:

  • Hindi: Bharangi, Kateli
  • Bengali: Barangi
  • Kannada: Doddapalada
  • Malayalam: Cheruthekku
  • Marathi: Bharang
  • Tamil: Siruthekku
  • Telugu: Yerramulavasa

Botanical Name: The botanical name of Bharangi is Clerodendrum serratum.

Family: Bharangi belongs to the Lamiaceae family.

Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut: In the classical Ayurvedic texts of Charak and Sushrut, Bharangi is classified as follows:

  • Charak: Bharangi is categorized under the group of “Tikta Skandha,” meaning it has a bitter taste and astringent quality.
  • Sushrut: In Sushrut Samhita, Bharangi is classified as “Kapha Vata Shamak” (pacifies Kapha and Vata doshas).

External Morphology: Bharangi is a perennial shrub with green, lance-shaped leaves and dense clusters of white or blue flowers.

Useful Parts: The useful parts of Bharangi are the roots, leaves, and flowers.

Important Phytoconstituents: Bharangi contains various bioactive compounds, including alkaloids, flavonoids, and essential oils, which contribute to its medicinal properties.

Rasa Panchaka: The Rasa Panchaka (five tastes) of Bharangi is as follows:

  • Rasa (Taste): Bitter (Tikta), Pungent (Katu)
  • Guna (Quality): Light (Laghu), Dry (Ruksha)
  • Virya (Potency): Hot (Ushna)
  • Vipaka (Post-digestive taste): Pungent (Katu)

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala: Bharangi primarily pacifies the Kapha dosha and aggravates the Vata dosha. It acts on the Mamsa (muscle) and Asthi (bone) dhatus and has an effect on the Purisha (stool).

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications): Bharangi is utilized in Ayurvedic medicine for various therapeutic purposes, including:

  • Respiratory Health: Bharangi is a potent herb for supporting respiratory health. It is commonly used to manage respiratory conditions like cough, cold, bronchitis, and asthma.

  • Digestive Disorders: It aids in improving digestion and appetite.

  • Fever: Bharangi is used to manage fever and related symptoms.

  • Rheumatic Disorders: It is beneficial in managing rheumatic conditions and joint pain.

  • Skin Disorders: Bharangi is used externally to manage skin conditions like eczema and itching.

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose): Bharangi is commonly administered in various forms, including powder, decoction, and medicated oils. The dosage and administration depend on the specific condition and the individual’s constitution. Commonly used forms and doses include:

  • Powder: 3-6 grams, once or twice a day
  • Decoction: 50-100 ml, once or twice a day
  • Medicated Oils: As prescribed by an Ayurvedic practitioner

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations): Bharangi is an essential ingredient in various Ayurvedic formulations used to address respiratory issues and other health conditions. Some important formulations include:

  1. Kantakari Avaleha: A medicated jam containing Bharangi, used for respiratory disorders and bronchitis.

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects): Bharangi should be used under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. Overdose or improper usage may lead to gastric irritation and other adverse effects.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures): Bharangi is an invaluable herb when used correctly. Proper dosing, processing, and considering an individual’s specific health conditions are essential aspects of its therapeutic application.

Shodhana (If Required): Bharangi does not typically require shodhana (purification) procedures.

Bharangi, the respiratory supportive herb, is highly regarded in Ayurveda for its effectiveness in managing various respiratory issues and supporting overall health. When used correctly and under expert guidance, Bharangi offers numerous health benefits.

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