Agnimanth (Premna serratifolia)

Agnimantha (Premna serratifolia): The Versatile Medicinal Vine

Basonym of Drug: The medicinal plant known as Agnimantha is scientifically referred to as Premna serratifolia.

Main Synonyms: In Ayurveda, Agnimantha is known by various synonyms, including:

  1. Arani
  2. Ativisha
  3. Shaliparni
  4. Vanishiga
  5. Dhamnyashtika
  6. Maharasnadi
  7. Rasaugandhi
  8. Pachamula

Regional Name: Agnimantha is also known by different names in various regional languages. Some common regional names include:

  • Hindi: Arani/Vansa
  • Bengali: Agnimath
  • Kannada: Alalukatti
  • Malayalam: Narakappuli
  • Marathi: Rananimba
  • Tamil: Siruviyalan
  • Telugu: Yegisa

Botanical Name: The botanical name of Agnimantha is Premna serratifolia.

Family: Agnimantha belongs to the Verbenaceae family.

Classification of Dravya (Gana) as described in Charak and Sushrut: In the classical Ayurvedic texts of Charak and Sushrut, Agnimantha is classified as follows:

  • Charak: Agnimantha is categorized under the group of “Kandughna,” which means it is beneficial in relieving itching and skin-related conditions.
  • Sushrut: In Sushrut Samhita, Agnimantha is classified as a “Haritakyadi Varga” drug, indicating its use in formulations with other herbs like Haritaki.

External Morphology: Agnimantha is a deciduous shrub or small tree with a height ranging from 2 to 8 meters. The leaves are opposite, serrated, and lance-shaped. The flowers are small, greenish-white, and occur in dense panicles. The fruit is a small drupe.

Useful Parts: The useful parts of Agnimantha are primarily the leaves, stem, and root.

Important Phytoconstituents: Agnimantha contains various phytochemicals, including alkaloids, flavonoids, and tannins. It is also a rich source of essential oils.

Rasa Panchaka: The Rasa Panchaka (five tastes) of Agnimantha is as follows:

  • Rasa (Taste): Bitter (Tikta), Astringent (Kashaya)
  • Guna (Quality): Light (Laghu), Dry (Ruksha)
  • Virya (Potency): Heating (Ushna)
  • Vipaka (Post-digestive taste): Pungent (Katu)

Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala: Agnimantha primarily pacifies the Kapha and Vata doshas. It acts on the Rakta (blood) and Mamsa (muscle) dhatus and has an effect on the Purisha (stool).

Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications): Agnimantha is utilized in Ayurvedic medicine for various therapeutic purposes. Some of its essential indications include:

  • Rheumatic and joint disorders
  • Skin diseases
  • Fever (Jvara)
  • Respiratory conditions (Shwasa and Kasa)
  • Digestive disorders (Agnimandya)

Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose): Agnimantha can be used in various forms, and the dosage depends on the specific application and the individual’s condition. Commonly used forms include:

  • Decoction (for respiratory and digestive disorders): 50-100 ml, once or twice a day
  • Powder (for skin conditions): 3-6 grams, once or twice a day

Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations): Agnimantha is an integral component of several Ayurvedic formulations. Some notable formulations include:

  • Dashamoola Kwath
  • Maharasnadi Kwath
  • Triphala Churna

Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects): Agnimantha is generally safe and well-tolerated when used in recommended doses. However, excessive consumption may cause digestive discomfort in some individuals.

Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures): Agnimantha is best used under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner. Proper dosing, combining with suitable adjuvants, and considering an individual’s specific condition are essential aspects of its therapeutic application.

Shodhana (If Required): Agnimantha does not typically require shodhana (purification) procedures.

Agnimantha’s versatility in addressing a range of health conditions makes it a valuable herb in Ayurvedic medicine. Its applications extend to various systems of the body, reflecting its importance in traditional healthcare practices.

Shopping Cart
Home
Consult
Store
Courses
Back
Scroll to Top
Open chat
1
💬 Need help?
Ayurvite Wellness Support
Namaste 👋
Can we help you?
I give my consent to Ayurvite Wellness Pvt. Ltd. to contact me by WhatsApp.