Basonym of Drug
Kampillaka, scientifically known as Mallotus philippinensis, is a remarkable medicinal plant that has been treasured for its therapeutic properties for centuries.
Main Sanskrit Synonyms
Kampillaka’s significance is woven into a tapestry of Sanskrit synonyms, each reflecting its diverse roles and healing potential:
- Kampillaka: The primary name denoting its unique therapeutic attributes.
- Karkasha: Its fruit is rough from outside.
- Chandra: As it cures many diseases.
- Raktanga/Lohitanga: Fruit is red in colour.
Regional Name (Vernacular Names)
Kampillaka’s influence stretches across regions, manifesting in various vernacular names that honor its various uses:
- Hindi: Kapilo, Kabeela, Kambeela
- Bengali: Khoira
- Marathi: Kampillaka
- Tamil: Kottathinam, Kapila podi
- Telugu: Maringi, Kumkum
- Kannada: Kampillaka
- Gujarati: Kapilo
- Malayalam: Kandepala
Scientific Classification of Dravya
Unraveling the botanical identity of Kampillaka unveils its scientific classification:
- Kingdom: Plantae
- Phylum: Angiosperms
- Class: Eudicots
- Order: Malpighiales
- Family: Euphorbiaceae
- Genus: Mallotus
- Species: philippinensis
Classical Classification of Dravya (Gana)
Bhavprakash Nighantu: Haritakyadi varga
Kampillaka’s distinctive external features contribute to its identification:
- Leaves: Elegantly shaped, often with serrated edges, showcasing its botanical beauty.
- Fruits: Notable for their unique appearance, resembling crab claws, lending to the synonym “Karkatashringi.”
- Flowers: Small, yet fascinating, reflecting Kampillaka’s contribution to biodiversity.
Kampillaka holds a range of useful parts, each containing its therapeutic potential:
- Fruit: The primary medicinal component, rich in diverse phytoconstituents that contribute to its healing properties.
Kampillaka’s healing prowess is attributed to its diverse array of phytoconstituents:
- Triterpenoids: Known for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
- Flavonoids: Contributing to immune-modulating and anti-cancer effects.
- Alkaloids: Potentially involved in various biological activities.
Rasa (Predominant Taste): Katu (Pungent)
Guna (Property): Laghu (Light), Ruksha (Dry), Teekshna(Penetrating)
Veerya (Potency): Ushna (Hot)
Vipaka (Post-digestive Effect): Katu (Pungent)
Prabhava: Vibandha-Hara (Anti-constipation)
Action on Dosha, Dhatu, and Mala:
Dosha: Pacifies Kapha and Vata, increases Pitta in excess
Dhatu (Tissue): Acts primarily on Rasa (Plasma), Rakta (Blood), and Mamsa (Muscle) dhatus
Mala (Waste): Promotes proper elimination of malas, particularly by reducing excess Kapha
Prayogarha Vyadhi (Therapeutic Indications):
Gastrointestinal Disorders: Kampillaka’s astringent and anti-inflammatory properties make it beneficial for managing a range of gastrointestinal issues. It can help alleviate symptoms like diarrhea, dysentery, and colitis by reducing inflammation, promoting healthy bowel movements, and controlling excessive mucus production.
Skin Disorders: Kampillaka is effective in treating various skin ailments due to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties. It can help relieve itching, redness, and inflammation associated with conditions like eczema, psoriasis, and allergic reactions. Additionally, it supports wound healing and prevents infections.
Respiratory Issues: Its ability to balance Kapha and its anti-inflammatory properties make Kampillaka useful for respiratory conditions. It can help ease cough, congestion, and asthma by reducing excess mucus and inflammation in the respiratory tract.
Rheumatic Disorders: Kampillaka’s Ushna (hot) potency and anti-inflammatory nature are beneficial for managing rheumatic conditions like arthritis and joint pain. It helps reduce pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints, improving overall mobility.
Worm Infestations: Kampillaka’s anthelmintic properties make it effective against intestinal parasites and worms. It helps expel these unwanted organisms from the digestive tract, promoting better gastrointestinal health.
Anti-inflammatory Action: Kampillaka’s anti-inflammatory properties extend beyond specific conditions. It can be used to manage inflammation in various parts of the body, including the digestive, respiratory, and musculoskeletal systems.
Immune System Support: Kampillaka’s immunomodulatory effects contribute to overall immune system support. It helps the body combat infections and enhances the body’s defense mechanisms.
Digestive Health: By balancing the Doshas and promoting proper digestion, Kampillaka can aid in maintaining overall digestive health. It supports healthy metabolism and assimilation of nutrients.
Fever and Infections: Kampillaka’s antimicrobial properties can assist in managing fevers and infections. It helps in reducing fever and eliminating microbial infections from the body.
General Detoxification: Kampillaka’s properties support the detoxification process by eliminating excess waste and toxins from the body, contributing to overall wellness.
Amayikaprayoga and Matra (Therapeutic Administration and Dose):
- Kwatha (Decoction): 50-100 ml, twice daily
- Churna (Powder): 3-6 grams per day
Vishishta Yoga (Names of Important Formulations):
- Kampillaka Rasayana: A rejuvenating formulation incorporating Kampillaka for overall health.
Vishakta Lakshan (Adverse Effects):
- In excess, Kampillaka’s heating nature may aggravate Pitta and lead to symptoms like acidity or burning sensations.
Chikitsopachara (Remedial Measures):
- To mitigate adverse effects, balance with cooling substances and Pitta-pacifying measures.
- Adjust the dosage as per the guidance of an Ayurvedic practitioner.
Shodhana (Purification Method):
- Kampillaka is not commonly used for shodhana (purification) due to its specific therapeutic properties.
Kampillaka, with its unique combination of tastes, properties, and actions, contributes significantly to Ayurvedic therapeutics. Its ability to balance Kapha and alleviate various ailments makes it a valuable addition to holistic health practices. However, it’s essential to consult an experienced Ayurvedic practitioner before integrating Kampillaka into your regimen, especially if you have specific health conditions or are taking other medications.
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Note: The information provided in this article is for educational purposes only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical advice. Please consult with a qualified healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of any other medical condition.